Ethics of Islam

Excerpts from a book authored by an Orientilist named Charis Waddy Ph.D. from England: Dr. Waddy, an English woman, lived a considerable time among the Muslim families in Egypt, Jerusalem, and Pakistan, and subsequently, she wrote her book entitled: The Muslim Mind. The following synopsis is from her personal impression on, and high admiration of this Religion-Islam: It (Islam) has much to offer to our restless world. But it seems to be an abandoned treasure, abandoned by those who bear its name. No wonder they are so different from the glory I described in my book, and unless they go back to it again, they will remain lost in bewilderment, at the rear of humanitys procession. For it is the remedy, the light and the guidance from God for them and for the World.

The following Verses from the Koran and Articles from the doctrines of the Prophet Mohammed were to be the strong foundation upon which she built up her strong opinion on Islam as mentioned above.

Praise be to God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful;
Praise be to God, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds;
Most Gracious, Most Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment;
Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek, show us the Straight way,
The way of those on whom Thou Hast Bestowed Thy Grace;
Those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray

This is the Introduction (Fatiha) to Sura (Chapter)No. 1 in the Koran, as translated by His Reverence Abdulla Yousef Ali.

This opening Chapter of Seven Verses rightly called the Essence of the Book. It teaches us the perfect prayer. For if we can pray right, it means that we have some knowledge of God and His attributes; of His Relations to us and his Creation which includes ourselves; that we glimpse the source from which we come, and that final goal which is our destiny under Gods True Judgment: Then we offer ourselves to God and seek His Light.

 Prayer is the Heart of Religion and Faith, but how shall we pray? What word shall convey the yearnings of our miserable ignorant hearts to the knower of all? Is it worthy of Him or of our nature to ask for vanities, or even for such physical needs as our daily bread? The inspired One, our Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H), taught us a prayer that sums up our Faith, our Hope, and our Inspiration in things that matter.

We think in devotion of Gods Name and His Nature; We praise Him for his Creation and His cherishing care; We call to mind the realities, seen and unseen; We offer Him worship and ask for His guidance; and we know the straight from the crooked path by the Light of His Grace that illumines the righteous.

Some of the Prophet's final Doctrines at the last Pilgrimage he made:

 1. All the customs and practices of the pagan age are abolished.

2. All compensation for the bloodshed of the old days is abolished.

3. Fear God in respect of women. You, men, have your rights over your wives, and they have their rights over you.

Note: This Doctrine-No.3- is mostly pertaining to the social life of the community, because the relation of the sexes are an important factor in the social life of the community. His Reverence Abdulla Yousef summarizes his interpretation of the Koranic chapter entitled Talaq- Divorce, as follows: (Chapter No.65): Guard well your truth and pure integrity in sex relations. Keep the tie of marriage sacred; But where it must be dissolved, use all precautions to ensure justice to the weaker party, and protect the interests of unborn or new-born lives as well as social decency; and close not, to the last moment, the door of reconciliation.

Gods Laws must be obeyed: It is mans loss if he is deaf to the Voice which teaches him, or blind to the light which guides him. Gods universe of beauty and wonder stands strong in Wisdom: Let man be true himself thereto. Of all things permitted by Law, Divorce is the most hateful in the sight of God. (Our Prophets Doctrines). Islam treats the married woman as a full juristic personality in every sense of the term; a married woman has a right, in the married state, to a house or apartment of her own. And a house or apartment implies the reasonable expenses for the dwellings upkeep, and for her own and for childrens maintenance. And this is obligatory, not only in the married state, but during the IDDA(which is the interval between the divorce decreenisi and the divorce decree absolute, which is necessary, because its the most trying period for the woman. A reconciliation between the spouses is possible, and is indeed recommended at every stage. The first serious differences between the spouses are to be submitted to a family council on which both sides are represented. Divorce is not to be pronounced when mutual physical attraction is at an ebb; when it is pronounced, there should be a period of probationary waiting: Dower has to be paid by the husband, and due provisions have to be made for many things on equitable terms; every facility has to be given for reconciliation till the last moment, and impediments are provided against hasty impulses leading to rapture. Thou Knowest not if perchance God will bring about thereafter some new situation.65-1

Continuation of The Prophets Preachings:

Your blood and your properties are as sacred for one another as are this day, this month, and this place.

Each Muslim is a brother of another, all Muslims form one brotherhood.

An Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab, nor has a non-Arab over an Arab. You are all born of Adam, and Adam was made out of clay.

Whoever is entrusted with a thing belonging to another must deliver his trust to its owner.

The debtors must pay their debts.

I leave behind me one thing, and you will never go astray if you hold it fast, and that is the Book of God.

Alms is the poor tax : it is a distribution of a certain percentage (2-1/2%) of the annual savings or capital in goods or money among the poor and needy.

Therefore of the Bounty of Thy Lord Be Thy Discourse.
(Koranic verse 93-11) Dr. Waddy further comments:

 Prophet Mohammed (P.B.U.H.) regarded himself as the restorer of the Pure Faith in One God first pioneered by Abraham, the Spiritual Father of the Three Monotheistic Faiths, as well as the ancestor of the Jews and many Arabs; cousins whose destiny has been closely linked in history ever since.

The Islamic doctrine emphasizes that There is no obedience to a person if it entails disobedience to God. Dr. Waddy goes on commenting....
The word Islam literally means: Surrender to God. A verse in the Koran orders Muslims to believe in all the Prophets and their Divine Messages: Say, O believers we believe in God, and in that which has been transmitted to Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus, and that which was given to the Prophets from their Lord. We do not discriminate between them, and to Him(God) do we surrender. 2-137

The Lord commanded: Worship none but Him, and show Kindness to parents. If one or both of them attain old age with you, never say unto them any word expressive of disgust, nor reproach them, but address them with excellent speech, and lower to them the wing of humility, and say: My Lord! bestow on them thy mercy even as they cherished me in childhood. 17-24. Selections from the Doctrines of our Prophet, Mohammed (P.B.U.H) : as repeated in Dr. Waddys book:

1.Dearest to God are those that fear Him most.
2.It is better to collect wood and sell it than to seek charity
3.Seeking knowledge is a duty for every Muslim, man or woman.

 The following verses from the Koran have been particularly remarked by Dr. Waddey, they command the Muslim to abide by the moral principles in his/her social relations with others:

1. Woe to those that deal in Fraud; 83-1
2. Truly man was created very impatient; 70-19
3. Fretful when evil touches him; 70-21
4. And niggardly when good reaches him; 70-21
5. Not so are those devoted to prayer; 70-22
6. Those who remain steadfast to their prayer; 70-23
7. And those in whose wealth is a recognized right; 70-24
8. For the needy who asks, and him who is prevented (for some reason) from asking; 70-25
9. And those who hold to the truth for the Day of Judgment; 70-26
10. And those who fear the displeasure of their Lord; 70-27
11. For their Lords displeasure is the opposite of peace and tranquility; 70-28
12. And those who guard their chastity; 70-29
13. Those who trespass (beyond this doctrine) are transgressors; 70-31
14. And those who respect their trusts and covenants; 70-32
15. And those who stand firm to their testimonies; 70-33
16. And those who guard (the sacredness) of their worship; 70-34
17.Such will be the honored ones in the Gardens of (Bliss) 70-35



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