||The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute
among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in
||The first revelation in the cave at Mt.
Hira. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of
||Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the
general public to Islam.
||Invitation to the Hashimites to accept
||Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish.
A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia.
||Second Hijrah to Abysinnia.
||Social boycott of the Hashimites and the
Holy Prophet by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a
glen outside Makkah.
||Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of Abu Talib
and Hadrat Khadija. Year of sorrow.
||Journey to Taif. Ascension to the heavens.
||First pledge at Aqaba.
||Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet
and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib.
||Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani
Qainuqa Jews from Madina.
||Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70 Muslims at
Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second
expedition of Badr.
||Expedition of Banu Mustaliq.
||Battle of the Trench. Expulsion of Banu
||Truce of Hudaibiya. Expedition to Khyber.
The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of
||The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at
Makkah. Expedition to Muta (Romans).
||Conquest of Makkah. Battles of Hunsin,
Auras, and Taif.
||Expedition to Tabuk. Year of Deputations.
||Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.
||Death of the Holy Prophet. Election of
Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition to
Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha,
Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima,
||Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen,
and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar,
Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal
||Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin.
Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the
Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.
||Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib.
Conquest of Damascus. Battle of Fahl.
||Battle of Yermuk. Battle of Qadsiyia.
Conquest of Madain.
||Conquest of Syria. Fall of Jerusalem.
Battle of Jalula.
||Conquest of Jazirah.
||Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt.
||Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria.
Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of
Babylon in Egypt.
||Battle of Nihawand. Conquest Of Alexandria
||Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest of
Egypt. Foundation of Fustat.
||Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan
||Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran
and Kharan.Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Hadrat Othman becomes
||Campaigns in Fats.
||Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia
||Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the
island of Cypress.
||Campaigns against the Byzantines.
||Naval battle of the Masts against the
||Discontentment and disaffection against the
rule of Hadrat Othman.
||Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. Hadrat Ali
becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel.
||Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madina
to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at
Daumaut ul Jandal.
||Battle of Nahrawan.
||Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah.
||Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from
Mu'awiyah. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at
||Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. Accession of
Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole
||Raid of Sicily.
||Advance in North Africa. Uqba b Nafe founds
the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul.
||Capture of the island of Rhodes. Campaigns
||The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara becomes
a vassal state.
||Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. Siege
||Death of Muawiyah. Accession of Yazid.
Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain.
||In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches to the
Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims
evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa.
||Death of Yazid. Accession of Mu'awiyah II.
||Abdullah b Zubair declares himself aS the
Caliph at'Makkah. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus.
Battle of Marj Rahat.
||Death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik becomes the
Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada.
||Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at
||Battle of Kufa between the forces of
Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. Mukhtar killed.
||Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls to
||The fall of Makkah. Death of Abdullah b
Zubair. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph.
||Khawarij revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz.
Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North
Africa. The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The
Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish.