||Murshid Quli Khan declares the independence
of Bengal and establishes his capital at Murshidabad.
||Ahmad 11I becomes the Ottoman Sultan. Birth
of Shah Wali Ullah. Birth of the religious reformer Muhammad
b Abdul Wahab.
||Death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb,
accession of his son Bahadur Shah.
||War between Turkey and Russia. Russia
defeated at the battle of Pruth.
||Death of the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah,
accession of Jahandar Shah.
||Jahandar Shah overthrown by his nephew
||In the war against Austria, Turkey suffers
defeat. By the treaty of Passarowich Turkey loses Hungary.
||Deposition of the Mughal emperor Farrukh
Siyar Muhammad Shah ascends the throne. In Sind the Kalhoras
came to power under Nur Muhammad Kalhora.
||Saadat Khan found the independent state of
Oudh. Battle of Gulnabad between the Afghans and the
Persians. The Persians were defeated and the Afghans under
Shah Mahmud became the masters of a greater part of Persia.
Shah Hussain taken captive, accession of Shah Tahmasp II.
||Zanzibar freed from Portugese rule and
occupied by Oreart.
||Ahmad Shah Durrani established Afghan rule
||Death of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, writer of
Sassi Pannu, Sohni Mahinwal and Umer Marvo.
||Ahmed Shah Durrani captured Punjab, Kashmir
||Death of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi.
||Battle of Panipat. Ahmad Shah Durrani came
to India at the invitation of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi and
smashed rising Maratha power in the battle of Panipat.
||Conversion to Islam of Areadi Gaya. ruler
of Futa Bandu State in West Sudan.
||Death of Ahmad Shah Durrani.
||End of Kalhora rule in Sind.
||Death of Muhammad Khan Qachar, king of
||Russia occupied Daghestan.
||Ranjit Singh declared himself Maharajah of
Punjab defeating Afghans.
||Khoqand declared independent Islamic State