||In the Burji Mamluks empire, Zahir Kanauh
overthrown by Ashraf Gan Balat.
||Isamil I establishes the Safavid dynasty in
Persia, and the Twelve-Imam Shi'ism becomes the state
||The Portuguese under d'Albuquerque
establish strongholds in the Persian Gulf.
||Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, End of
the White Sheep dynasty and the annexation of their
territories by the Safawids.
||D'Albuquerque conquers Malacca from the
||The Ottoman Sultan Selim Yavuz ("the Grim")
defeats the Mamluks and conquers Egypt.
||The reign of Sulayman the Magnificent
||Louis of Hungary dies at the Battle of
||The Battle of Panipat in India, and the
Moghul conquest; Babur makes his capital at Delhi and Agra.
||The Ottomans take Buda in Hungary.
||Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna.
||The architect Sinan builds the Suleymaniye
mosque in Istanbul.
||The rise of the Muslim kingdom of Atjeh in
||Islam spreads to Java, the Moluccas, and
||The death of Sulayman the Magnificent.
||Alpujarra uprising of the Moriscos (Muslims
forcibly converted to Catholicism) in Spain.
||The Ottomans are defeated at the naval
Battle of Lepanto, and their dominance in the Mediterranean
is brought to a close.
||The Battle of the Three Kings at Qasr al-Kabir
in Morocco. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed.
||Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I
||Mustaili Ismailis split into Sulaymanis and