In the name
of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Read! In the name of your Rabb Who created
- created man from a leechlike mass. Read! Your Rabb is the
Most Gracious, Who taught by the Pen, taught man what he
knew not. Nay! Indeed, man transgresses all bounds, in
thinking himself to be self-sufficient, although surely
towards your Rabb is his return. Have you seen the one (Abu
Jahl) who forbids Our servant from offering Salah (prayer)?
Have you considered, if He was on the right guidance, or was
enjoining true piety, why he would forbid someone from prayer?
Have you considered, if he denies the truth and turns away,
what will happen? Does he not know that Allah is
observing all things? Nay! Let him know that if he does not
stop, We will drag him by the forelock, a lying, sinful
forelock. So let him call his supporters for help, We
too shall call the guards of hell to deal with him.
Nay! Do not obey him! Prostrate yourself and bring yourself
closer to your Rabb.
in the name of Allah, Who created man and taught him by the pen
Those who forbid from the worship of Allah will be dragged to
hell by their forelock
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* The very first revelation 'Iqra bismi
Rabbi kal-ladhi khalaq---Ma lam y‘a lam' (Read in the name of
your Lord Who created ---what he did not know).”
* Read in the name of Allah, Who created man and taught him by
* Those who forbid others from the worship of Allah will be
dragged to hell by their forelock.
When the Prophet (pbuh) experienced this
extraordinary event of receiving the first revelation, he
returned home to Sayyidah Khadijah trembling with fear, and said
to her: "Cover me, cover me," and he was covered. When terror
left him, he said: "O Khadijah, what has happened to me?" Then
he narrated to her whatever had happened, and said: "I fear for
my life." She took him to Waraqah bin Naufal, who had become a
Christian in pre-Islamic days, transcribed the Gospel in Arabic
and Hebrew, and had become blind through old age. Waraqah said:
"This is the same Namüs (the Angel assigned to bring
revelations) which Allah had sent down to Moses (pbuh). Would
that I were a young man during your Prophethood! Would that I
were alive when your tribe would expel you!" The Holy Prophet
said: "Will they expel me?" Waraqah said: "Yes, never has it so
happened that a person brought what you have brought and was not
treated as an enemy. If I live till then I will help you with
all the power at my command." But not very long after this
Waraqah died. (For details see the Prophet's life at Makkah)
This narrative is explicit that when Waraqa bin Naufal, who was
a Christian, heard the Prophet's experience, he did not regard
it as an evil suggestion. This meant that even according to him,
the Prophet was such a sublime person that there was nothing
surprising in his being elevated to the office of Prophethood.
The second part of this Sürah vv. 6-19 was revealed when the
Prophet began to perform his prayer in the Islamic way. The
other people were watching it with curiosity, but Abu Jahl in
his arrogance and pride threatened the Prophet and forbade him
to worship in that way in the Ka’bah.