In the name
of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
By the sun and its brightness; by the
moon, as she follows him; by the day, which shows its
splendor; by the night, which draws a veil over it; by the
heaven and Him Who made it; by the earth and Him Who spread
it; by the soul and Him Who perfected it and inspired it
with knowledge of what is wrong for it and what is right for
it: indeed successful will be the one who keeps it pure,
and indeed failure will be the one who corrupts it!
Success depends on keeping the soul pure and failure depends on
The people of Thamüd denied the truth because
of their arrogant transgression when the most wicked man
among them was deputed to kill the she-camel. The
Rasool of Allah warned them, saying: “This is Allah’s She-camel
do not molest her! Let her drink on her turn."
They disbelieved him and hamstrung her. Therefore, for that
crime, their Rabb let loose His scourge upon them and leveled
them to the ground. For He (Allah) has no fear of its
corrupted people of Thamüd were leveled to the ground
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* Success depends on keeping the soul pure
and failure depends on corrupting it, people of Thamüd were
leveled to the ground for that very reason.
This Sürah teaches that:
- Just as the sun and the moon, the day and the night, the
earth and the sky, are different from each other and
contradictory in their effects and results, so are good and
evil different from each other and contradictory in their
effects and results; they are neither alike in their outward
appearance nor can they be alike in their results.
- Allah, after giving the human his body, sense and mind has
not left him uninformed in the world, but has instilled into
his subconscious, by means of a natural inspiration, the
distinction between good and evil,right and wrong.
- The future of man depends on recognizing these
differences, developing the good and suppressing the evil
tendencies of the self. If he develops good inclinations and
frees himself of evil inclinations, he will attain eternal
success, and if, on the contrary, he suppresses good and
promotes evil, he will meet with disappointments and failures.
This Sürah then relates the story of the people of Thamüd to
show that a Rasool is raised in the world; because the
inspirational knowledge of good and evil that Allah has placed
in human nature is, by itself, not enough for the guidance of
man; rather on account of his failure to understand it, man has
invented wrong criteria, and theories of good and evil, and is
going astray. The example of Thamüd relates that Prophet Saleh (pbuh)
was sent to that nation, but the people were overwhelmed by
their evil became so rebellious, that they rejected him. And
when he presented before them the miracle of the she camel,
which was demanded by them, the one who was the most wretched of
them hamstrung it in accordance with the will and desire of the
people. Consequently, the entire tribe was overtaken by the
wrath of Allah.