In the name of
Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
By the morning, and the ten nights (first
ten days of Dhul-Hijja), the even and the odd, and the
night when it departs! Is there not in these an oath (enough
evidence) for those who use their common sense? Have you
not seen how your Rabb dealt with ‘Ad? The residents
of Iram, the city of lofty pillars, the like of which had
never been built in other cities. And with the people of
Thamüd who hewed out their dwellings in the rocks of the
valley? And with Fir'on (Pharaoh) the owner of
stakes? They all transgressed beyond bounds in their
cities, and committed great mischief therein. Therefore,
your Rabb let loose on them His scourge of torment. Surely
your Rabb is ever watchful.
Admonition for social welfare through the examples of prior
As for man, when his Rabb tries him through
giving him honor and blessings, he says: “My Rabb is bountiful
to me." But when He tries him through restricting his
subsistence, he says: “My Rabb has humiliated me." Nay! But
you did not show kindness to the orphan, nor did you
encourage each other in feeding the poor. Greedily you lay
your hands on the inheritance of the weak, and you love
wealth with all your hearts.
should be avoided to do real social welfare?
Nay! You should know, when the earth
will be pounded to powder, your Rabb will come, with angels
standing in ranks, hell shall be brought in sight. On that
Day man will remember his deeds, but how is that remembrance
going to profit him? He will say: “Alas! Would that I had
sent forth some good deeds for this life of mine."
None can punish as Allah will punish on that Day, and
none can bind as He will bind. To the righteous soul it
will be said: “O fully satisfied soul! Return to your
Rabb, well pleased with Him and well-pleasing to Him. Join
My servants, and enter My paradise."
of Judgment will be too late to heed the admonition
Allah's address to the believers
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* The admonition for social welfare
through the examples of prior nations.
* What should be avoided to do real social welfare?
* The Day of Judgement will be too late to heed the admonition.
The theme of this Sürah is to affirm the
rewards and punishments in the Hereafter through swearing oaths
by the dawn, the ten nights, the even and the odd, and the
departing night, the disbelievers are told that these things are
a symbol of the regularity that exists in the night and day, and
swearing oaths by these the question has been asked: "Even after
witnessing this wise system established by God, do you still
need any other evidence to show that it is not beyond the power
of that God, Who has brought about this system, to establish the
Hereafter?" Reasoning is then given from man’s own history. The
evil end of 'Ad, Thamüd and Pharaoh are cited as examples
showing that when they transgressed and spread corruption in the
land, Allah laid upon them the scourge of His chastisement. This
is proof of the fact that the system of the universe is not
being run by deaf and blind forces, but by a Wise Ruler, the
demand of Whose wisdom and justice is continuously visible in
man’s own history.
After this, an appraisal of human society is made criticizing
the materialistic attitude of people; they overlook the morality
of good and evil; they regard only the achievement of worldly
wealth, rank and position, or the absence of it, as the
criterion of honor or disgrace; and have forgotten that neither
riches are a reward nor poverty a punishment, but that Allah is
trying man in both conditions to see what attitude he adopts
when blessed with wealth and how he behaves when afflicted by
poverty. This discourse is concluded with the assertion that
accountability shall certainly be held and it will be held on
the Day when the Divine Court will be established. At that time,
the deniers of the judgement will be regretful, but their
regrets will not save them from Allah’s punishment. As for the
people who have accepted the truth, which the Heavenly books and
the Prophets are presenting to the world, Allah will be pleased
with them and they will be well pleased with the rewards
bestowed by Allah. They will be called upon to join the
righteous and enter paradise.