In the name
of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
By those angels who violently pull out the souls of the
wrongdoers, and those who gently draw out the souls of
the righteous, and those who glide about swiftly
through space, then speed headlong to carry out the
commands of Allah, and those who regulate the affairs of
the world! The Day on which the quake shall cause a violent
commotion, which will be followed by another violent
commotion, and on that Day, hearts shall be pounding with
terror and sight shall be downcast. The unbelievers
say: “Shall we really be restored to our former state (life),
when we shall have become hollow bones?” They further
say: “It would then be a fruitless restoration!” They
should know that it shall be only a single shout, and
they will be back to life in open plain.
Death, Day of Resurrection and Life after death
Have you heard the story of Musa (Moses)?
When His Rabb called him in the sacred valley of Tuwa, and
said: “Go to Fir'on (Pharaoh) for he has indeed
transgressed all bounds, and tell him, `Have you the desire
to purify yourself? If so, I shall guide you towards
your Rabb, so that you may fear Him.'" Then Musa
showed Fir'on the mighty sign, but he denied and
disobeyed. Then he quickly turned back, assembled his
people and made a proclamation; “I am your lord, the most
high." Consequently, Allah seized him for punishment, both
in the Hereafter and in this life. Surely in this there is a
lesson for the Godfearing.
story of Musa when he called Fir'on to his Rabb, he denied Allah
and was seized for punishment
O mankind, is your creation harder than the heaven that
He built? He raised its canopy and fashioned it to
perfection, He gave darkness to the night and brightness to
the day. After that He spread out the earth, then from
it He brought forth its water and its pasture, set its
mountains, and made them beneficial for you and your
The creation of man is no harder than the creation of heavens,
earth and its contents
When the great disaster will strike, the
Day when man will call to mind all that he had striven for.
When hell shall be placed in full view of all, then he who
had rebelled and preferred the life of this world shall
have his abode in hell. But he who had feared standing
before his Rabb and curbed his evil desires shall have his
home in paradise. They ask you about the hour: “When will it
come?” But it is not for you to know or tell its timing.
Only your Rabb knows when it will come. You are but a Warner
to him who fears it. On that Day when they shall see it,
they shall feel as if they had stayed in this world only
one evening or one morning.
Punishment and reward on the Day of Judgment
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* Death, the Day of Resurrection and life
* The story of the Prophet Musa (pbuh) when he called Fir'on
(Pharaoh) to his Rabb, who denied Allah and was subsequently
* The creation of man is not harder than the creation of the
heavens, earth and its contents.
* Punishment and reward on the Day of Judgement.
The theme of this Sürah is resurrection,
life after death and a warning about the consequences of
rejecting the Prophet of Allah. The Sürah opens with oaths sworn
by the angels who take the soul at death and who hasten to carry
out Allah’s Commands, and those who conduct the affairs of the
universe according to Divine Will in order to assure that the
Resurrection will certainly come to pass and the second life
after death will certainly take place.
Then, briefly relating the story of Prophet Moses and Pharaoh,
the fate that Pharaoh met as a consequence for belying the
Rasool and rejecting the guidance brought by him and further
endeavoring to defeat his mission by trickery and deceit. The
people of Makkah are warned that if they do not learn a lesson
from this story and change their ways and attitude accordingly,
they will also meet the same fate.
Arguments are then given in support of the Hereafter and life
after death, and attention is drawn to the earth and provisions
that have been arranged in it for the sustenance of Allah's
creation. It is further clarified that everything testifies to
the fact that it has been created with great wisdom by Allah in
fulfillment of some special purpose. Pointing to this, the
question has been left to the intellect of man for pondering and
to form an opinion of whether calling man to account for his
sins after delegating authority and responsibility to him would
be in keeping with the demands of a wise system. Or should man
die after committing all sorts of misdeeds in the world, perish
and mix in the dust forever and never be called to account for
the responsibility and the authority entrusted to him?