In the name
of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
We sent Nüh (Noah) to his people, saying: “Give
warning to your people before there comes to them a painful
punishment." He said: “O my People! I am sent towards you as
a plain Warner. Worship Allah, fear Him and obey me. If
you will do so, He will forgive you your sins and give you
respite for an appointed term. The fact is that when the term
given by Allah arrives, it cannot be deferred. If you could
understand!” After exhausting all his efforts Nüh
said: “O Rabb! I have pleaded with my people night and day,
but my plea has only added to their aversion. Each time I
called on them to seek Your pardon, they thrust their fingers in
their ears and drew their cloaks over their heads, persisting in
sin and puffing themselves up with insolent pride. I have
called them aloud, appealed them openly in public and
secretly in private, saying: “Seek forgiveness of your Rabb,
He is ever ready to forgive you. He will send abundant rain
for you from heaven, help you with wealth and sons, and
provide you with gardens and the flowing rivers. What is the
matter with you that you do not regard the greatness of
Allah when He has created you in gradual stages? Can you
not see how Allah created the seven heavens one above the
other, placing in them the moon as a light and the sun as a
glorious lamp? Allah has caused you to grow as a growth from
the earth. He will return you to the same earth and then
raise you back to life again on the Day of Resurrection?
Allah has made the earth for you as a wide expanse so that
you may walk in its spacious paths."
The Prophet Nüh's preaching and submission to Allah after
exhausting all his efforts
Finally, Nüh (Noah) submitted: “O Rabb! My people have
disobeyed me, and followed those chiefs whose wealth and
children have added to them nothing but loss. They have
devised an outrageous plot, and said to each other: 'Do not
leave your gods; especially Wadd, Suwa, Yaghüs, Yaüq and Nasr (the
names of their idols).' They have already misled many,
so O Rabb, do not increase the wrongdoers in anything but
deviation." Because of their wrong doings they were drowned
in the great flood and made to enter the fire. They found no
one besides Allah to help them. As Nüh had prayed: “O Rabb!
Do not leave a single unbeliever on the surface of the
earth. For if You spare any of them, they will mislead your
servants and beget none but wicked unbelievers. O Rabb!
Forgive me, my parents and every true believer who seeks refuge
in my house, and all believing men and believing women. As to
the wrongdoers, grant them increase in nothing but
The Prophet Nüh's prayer not to leave any unbeliever on the
surface of the earth
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* The Prophet Nüh’s preaching and
submission to Allah after exhausting all his efforts.
* The Prophet Nüh’s prayer not to leave any unbeliever on the
surface of the earth and Allah granted his prayer.
In this Sürah, the story of the Prophet
Nüh (Noah) is told to warn the disbelievers of Makkah: "You, O
people of Makkah, are adopting towards Muhammad (peace be upon
him) the same attitude as the people of the Prophet Noah had
adopted towards him; if you do not change this attitude, you too
would meet with the same end."
This Sürah starts with a brief Audio Explanation of how the Prophet
Nüh began his mission and what he preached. Then, after
suffering hardships and troubles in fulfilling his mission for
950 years, the report that he made to his Rabb is given in vv.
5-20. In it he states how he had been trying to bring his people
to the right path and how his people had stubbornly opposed him.
After this, the Prophet Nüh prays to Allah, saying: “These
people have rejected my invitation: they are blindly following
their chiefs, who have devised a tremendous plot of deceit and
cunning. Time now has come when these people should be deprived
of every grace.” This was not an expression of impatience by the
Prophet Nüh, but when after having preached his message under
extremely trying circumstances for 950 years he became utterly
disappointed with his people, he formed the opinion that no
chance whatever was left of their coming to the right path. His
opinion fully conformed to Allah’s own decision.
In the concluding verse, the Prophet Nüh’s supplication that he
made to Allah when the torment descended, has been recorded. He
seeks forgiveness for himself and all the believers, and submits
to Allah: “Do not leave any of the disbelievers alive on the
earth for they have become utterly devoid of every good; they
will not beget any but disbelieving and wicked descendents.”