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The Lord Complete Holy Book (The Quran)

in English Audio Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

 

Now Playing # (65) The Divorce (At-Talaq)

(12 Verses)
 
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In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

SECTION: 1
O Prophet! If you and the believers divorce your wives, divorce them at the end of their prescribed periods, and count their prescribed periods accurately. Fear Allah, your Rabb. Do not expel them from their homes during their waiting period, nor they themselves should leave, unless they have committed an open lewdness. These are limits set by Allah; he that transgresses the limits of Allah will wrong his own soul. You never know, Allah may, thereafter, bring about some new situation of reconciliation.[1] Then when their waiting period ends, either keep them honorably or part with them in an honorable way. Call to witness two honest persons among you, and O witnesses, bear witness equitably for the sake of Allah. This advice is being given to all who believe in Allah and the last Day. He that fears Allah may be provided a way out by Him,[2] and given sustenance from the sources he could never imagine: for Allah is all sufficient for the person who puts his trust in Him. Surely Allah brings about what He pleases, and Allah has set a measure for all things.[3] If you have any doubt concerning those of your wives who have ceased menstruating, then you should know that their waiting period will be three months, and the same will apply to those who have no menstruation due to young age or a disease. As for those who are pregnant, their waiting period will end with delivery. Allah will ease the hardship of those who fear Him.[4] This is the command of Allah which He has sent down to you. He that fears Allah, will have his sins removed and his reward enlarged.[5] Let those women, during their waiting period (‘Iddat), live where you yourselves live according to your means. You shall not harass them so as to make life intolerable for them. If they are pregnant, maintain them until their delivery: and if, after that, they suckle your offspring, compensate them and settle the matter of compensation with mutual consultation and in all fairness. But if you cannot bear with each other then let another woman suckle the baby for you.[6] Let the rich man give according to his means, and the poor man give according to what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a man with more than He has given him; soon Allah may bring ease after hardship.[7]

65:[1-7]


Laws of divorce and Iddat (waiting period) before the divorce takes effect




Iddat (waiting period) is three menstruation periods or three months and delivery in case of pregnancy

SECTION: 2
How many townships have rebelled against the commandments of their Rabb and His Rasools! Stern was Our reckoning with them and exemplary was Our punishment.[8] So they tasted the fruit of their misdeeds, and the fruit of their misdeeds was perdition.[9] Allah has prepared for them a severe punishment in the Hereafter. Therefore, fear Allah! O men of understanding and faith. Allah has indeed sent down to you an admonition;[10] a Rasool reciting to you the revelations of Allah containing clear guidance, so that he may lead the believers who do good deeds from the darkness to the light. He that believes in Allah and does good deeds, shall be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow, to live therein forever; and Allah has prepared an excellent provision for them.[11] It is Allah Who has created seven heavens, and earths as many. His commandment descends through them, this is being explained to you, so that you may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allah encompasses all things in His knowledge.[12]

65:[8-12]


Rebellion against Allah's commandment may bring stern reckoning or exemplary punishment, so fear Allah and adhere to His laws.

Major Issues, Divine Law and Guidance:

* Laws of divorce (for details see below).
* Iddat (waiting period before the divorce takes effect) is commanded
to be three menstruation periods, three months if menstruation is not applicable, and in case of pregnancy it is the delivery of child.
* Rebellion against Allah’s commandment may bring stern reckoning or exemplary punishment, so fear Allah and adhere to His laws.

In order to understand the commandments of this Sürah, it is useful to refresh one’s memory about the regulations which were given concerning divorce and the waiting period (Iddat).

“Divorce may be pronounced twice; then the wife may either be kept back in fairness or allowed to separate in fairness.” (Al Al-Baqrah 229)

“And the divorced women (after the pronouncement of the divorce) must wait for three monthly courses... and their husbands are fully entitled to take them back (as their wives) during this waiting period, if they desire reconciliation.” (Al Al-Baqrah 228)

“Then, if the husband divorces his wife (for the third time), she shall not remain lawful for him after this divorce, unless she marries another husband...” (Al-Al-Baqrah : 230)

“When you marry the believing women, and then divorce them before you have touched them, they do not have to observe a waiting period, the completion of which you may demand of them.” (Al-Ahzãb : 49)

“And if those of you who die, leave wives behind, the women should abstain (from marriage) for four months and ten days.” (Al-Al-Baqrah 234) The rules prescribed in these verses are as follows:

  1. A man can pronounce at the most three divorces on his wife.
  2. In case the husband has pronounced one or two divorces he is entitled to take the woman back as his wife within the waiting period, and if after the expiration of the waiting period the two desire to remarry, they can re marry and there is no condition of legalization (tahlil). But if the husband has pronounced three divorces, he forfeits his right to keep her as his wife within the waiting period, and they cannot remarry unless the woman mar- ries another husband and he subsequently divorces her of his own free will.
  3. The waiting period of the woman, who menstruates and marriage with whom has been consummated, is that she should pass three monthly courses. The waiting period in case of one or two divorces is that the woman is still the legal wife of the husband and he can take her back as his wife within the waiting period. But if the husband has pronounced three divorces, this waiting period cannot be taken advantage of for the purpose of reconcili- ation, but is only meant to restrain the woman from remarrying another person before it comes to an end.
  4. There is no waiting period for the woman, who is divorced even before the marriage is consummated. She can remarry, if she likes, immediately after the divorce.
  5. The waiting period of the woman whose husband dies is four months and ten days.

One should understand that Sürah At-Talãq was not sent down to annul or amend any of these rules, but was sent down for two purposes:

A. The man who has been given the right to pronounce divorce should be taught such judicious methods of using this right so that it may not need- lessly lead to separation. However, if separation does take place, it should only be when all possibilities of mutual reconciliation have been exhausted. In Divine Law, provision for divorce has been made only as an unavoid- able necessity. Allah does not approve of the dissolution of a marriage. The Prophet (upon whom be Allah’s peace) has said: “Allah has not made lawful anything more hateful in His sight than divorce.” (Abu Daüd). And: “Of all the things permitted by the Law, the most hateful in the sight of Allah is the divorce." (Abu Daüd)

B. The object was to complement this section of the family law of Islam by supplying answers to the questions that had remained after the revelation of the commandments in Sürah Al-Al-Baqrah. Answers are given to the following questions:

i. What would be the waiting period of women, marriage with whom has been consummated and who no longer menstruate or those who have not yet menstruated, in case they are divorced?

ii. What would be the waiting period of the woman, who is pregnant, or the woman whose husband dies, if she is divorced?

iii. What arrangements would be made for the maintenance and lodging of the different categories of divorced women, and for the fosterage of the child whose parents have separated on account of a divorce?

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62 Friday (Al-Jumu'ah) listen
63 The Hypocrites (Al-Munafiqoon) listen
64 Loss and Gain (At-Taghabun) listen
65 The Divorce (At-Talaq) listen
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The Lord Complete Audio English Quran in MP3 Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

Audio Explanation

Now Playing # (65) The Divorce (At-Talaq) (12 Verses)