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The Lord Complete Holy Book (The Quran)

in English Audio Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

 

Now Playing # (63) The Hypocrites (Al-Munafiqoon)

(11 Verses)
 
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In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

SECTION: 1
When the hypocrites come to you, they say: “We bear witness that you are indeed the Rasool of Allah." Allah knows that you are indeed His Rasool, and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars.[1] They use their faith as a disguise, and thus debar others from the Way of Allah. Evil is indeed what they do.[2] This is because they believed and then renounced their faith. Their hearts are sealed, therefore, they are devoid of understanding.[3] When you see them, their good stature pleases you; and when they speak, you listen to what they say. Yet they are as worthless as hollow pieces of propped up timber. Every shout they hear, they think it to be against them. They are your enemies, so guard yourselves against them. May Allah destroy them! How perverse they are![4] When it is said to them: “Come, the Rasool of Allah will pray for your forgiveness,” they shake their heads and you see them turning away with arrogance.[5] It is the same, whether you pray for their forgiveness or not, Allah is not going to forgive them. Surely Allah does not guide the transgressors.[6] They are the same people who say: “Do not give anything to those who follow the Rasool of Allah until they have deserted him." To Allah belong the treasures of the heavens and the earth; but the hypocrites cannot understand.[7] They say: “When we return to Madinah, the honorable ones will soon drive out the mean ones." But the honor belongs to Allah, to His Rasool and to the believers; but the hypocrites do not know.[8]

63:[1-8]


Hypocrites are such enemies of Islam and Muslims that even the Rasool's prayer cannot obtain forgiveness for them from Allah

SECTION: 2
O believers! Let neither your riches nor your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. Those who will do so, it is they who shall be the real losers.[9] Spend, in charity and in the Cause of Allah, out of the sustenance which We have bestowed on you before that time when death will come to anyone of you, and he shall say: “O my Rabb! If only you would reprieve me for a little while then I would give out everything in charity, and be among the righteous."[10] But Allah reprieves no soul when its term comes to an end. Allah is well aware of all your actions.[11]

63:[9-11]


Let not your riches or children divert you from the remembrance of Allah, lest you become a real loser

Major Issues, Divine Law and Guidance:

* Hypocrisy is such a sin against Islam and Muslims that even the Rasool’s prayer cannot obtain forgiveness for them from Allah.
* Let not your riches or children divert you from the remembrance of Allah, lest you become a real loser.

Before mentioning the particular incident about which this Sürah was revealed, it is necessary to have a look at the history of the hypocrites of Madinah. The incident that occurred on this occasion was not a chance happening, but had a whole series of events behind it, all of which ultimately led up to it.

Before the Prophet’s migration to Madinah the tribes of the Aus and the Khazraj, fed up with their mutual rivalries and civil wars, had almost agreed on the leadership of one man and were making preparations to crown him their king. This was Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salul, the chief of the Khazraj. Muhammad bin Ishăq has stated that among the people of Khazraj his authority was never contested and never had the Aus and the Khazraj rallied to one man before this.

When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, Islam had so deeply penetrated every house of the Ansăr that Abdullah bin Ubayy became helpless and did not see any other way to save his leadership than to become a Muslim himself. So, he entered Islam along with many of his followers from among the chiefs and leaders of both the tribes although their hearts were burning with rage from within. Ibn Ubayy in particular was filled with grief, for the Prophet (pbuh) had deprived him of his kingship. For several years his hypocritical faith and grief of being deprived of his kingdom manifested itself in different ways. On the one hand, when on Fridays the Prophet (pbuh) took his seat to deliver the Sermon, Abdullah bin Ubayy would stand up and say “O people, the Rasool of Allah is present among you, by whom Allah has honored you; therefore, you should support him, listen to what he says and obey him.” (Ibn Hisham, vol. III, p. 111). On the other, his hypocrisy was being exposed day by day and the true Muslims were realizing that he and his followers bore great malice against Islam, the Prophet and the Muslims.

Following is a summary of the hypocrites' behavior:

  1. Once when the Prophet was passing along the way, Abdullah bin Ubayy spoke to him in harsh words. When the Prophet complained of it to Sayyidună Sa‘d bin Ubadah, he said: "O Rasool of Allah, don’t be hard on him, for when Allah sent you to us we were about to crown him, and, by God, he thinks that you have robbed him of his kingdom.” (Ibn Hisham vol: II, pp. 237-238)
  2. After the Battle of Badr when the Prophet (pbuh) invaded the Jewish tribe of Bani Qainuqa for breaking their agreement and unprovoked revolt, this man stood up in support of them, and holding the Prophet by his armor, said: “These 700 fighters have been helping and protecting me against every enemy; would you cut them down in one morning? By God, I will not leave you until you pardon my clients.” (Ibn Hisham, vol. III, pp. 5l-52)
  3. On the occasion of the Battle of Uhud this man committed open treachery and withdrew from the battlefield with 300 of his companions. One should note that at this critical moment when he so acted, the Qureysh had marched upon Madinah with 3,000 troops and the Prophet had marched out with only 1,000 men to resist them. Of these 1,000 this hypocrite broke away with 300 men and the Prophet was left with only 700 men to meet 3,000 troops of the enemy on the field. After this incident the common Muslims of Madinah came to realize that he was certainly a hypocrite and so were his companions. That is why when on the very first Friday, after the Battle of Uhud, this man stood up as usual to make a speech before the Prophet’s Sermon, the people pulled at his garment, saying “Sit down you are not worthy to say any thing.” That was the first occasion in Madinah when this man was publicly disgraced. Thereupon he was so filled with rage that he left the mosque jumping over the heads of the people. At the door of the Mosque some of the Ansăr said to him, “What are you doing? Go back and ask the Prophet (upon whom be Allah’s peace) to pray for your forgiveness.” He retorted “I do not want him to pray for my forgiveness.” (Ibn Hisham, vol. III, p. 111)
  4. In A. H. 4 the Battle of Bani an-Nadir took place. On this occasion he and his companions supported the enemies of Islam even more openly. On the one side, the Prophet (pbuh) and his devoted companions were pre- paring for war against their enemy, the Jews, and on the other, these hypo- crites were secretly sending messages to the Jews to the effect: “Stand firm we are with you: if you are attacked, we will help you, and if you are driven out, we too will go out with you.” The secret of this intrigue was exposed by Allah Himself, as has been explained in Sürah Al-Hashr verses 11-17. In spite of being so exposed the reason why the Prophet (pbuh) was still treating him kindly was that he had a large band of the hypocrites behind him. Many of the chiefs of both the Aus and the Khazraj were his supporters. At least a third of the population of Madinah consisted of his companions, as became manifest on the occasion of the Battle of Uhud. Under such conditions it was not prudent to wage a war with these internal and external enemies combined. On this very account, in spite of being fully aware of their hypocrisy, the Prophet continued to deal with them for a long time according to their apparent profession of faith.
  5. When Abdullah bin Ubayy, and like minded hypocrites, got an opportunity to accompany the Prophet (pbuh) in his campaign against the Bani Al- Mustaliq, they engineered two great mischiefs which could shatter the Muslim unity to pieces. However, by virtue of the wonderful training in discipline that the Muslims had received through the pure teaching of the Qur'an and the companionship of the Prophet (pbuh) both mischiefs were stopped in time, and the hypocrites themselves were disgraced instead. One of these was the mischief that is mentioned in Sürah An-Nür, and the other in this Sürah. These incidents are related by Bukhări, Muslim, Ahmed, Nasăi, Tirmidhi, Baihaqi, Tabari, Ibn Marduyah, Abdur Razzaq, lbn Jarir Tabari, Ibn Sa’d and Muhammad bin Ishăq through many reliable channels.
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61 The Row (As-Saff) listen
62 Friday (Al-Jumu'ah) listen
63 The Hypocrites (Al-Munafiqoon) listen
64 Loss and Gain (At-Taghabun) listen
65 The Divorce (At-Talaq) listen
66 Prohibition (At-Tahreem) listen
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The Lord Complete Audio English Quran in MP3 Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

Audio Explanation

Now Playing # (63) The Hypocrites (Al-Munafiqoon) (11 Verses)