name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
By the mount Tür (where Moses was given the Torah),
and by the Book written on a fine unfolded scroll, and
by the inhabited House, and the elevated canopy (sky),
and the surging ocean, the torment of your Rabb will
surely come to pass! There shall be none to avert it.
On that Day, heaven will shake violently and the mountain
will travel around. On that Day, woe be to the deniers
of truth, who are engaged in their useless sports.
On that Day they shall be driven to the fire of hell with
violence, and it will be said to them: “This is
the fire which you denied. Is this a magic, or do you
not see? Now burn therein; it will be the same for you,
whether you bear it patiently or do not bear it patiently.
You are being rewarded according to your deeds." As for
the righteous, they will be in Gardens and bliss,
rejoicing in what their Rabb has given them and their Rabb
shall shield them from the torment of hell. It will
be said to them: “Eat and drink to your hearts content,
this is the reward for your good deeds." They shall
recline on couches arranged in rows; and We shall wed them
with beautiful Hüris (damsels). We shall unite
the true believers with those of their descendants who
follow them in their faith, and shall not deny them the
reward of their good deeds - everyone is responsible for his
deeds - and We shall provide them fruits, and such meats
as they desire. They will pass from hand to hand a cup
of wine which shall cause no idle talk, nor sinful urge;
and there shall wait for them young boys, exclusively
appointed for their service, who will be as handsome as
treasured pearls. They will converse with one another
about their worldly life and say: “When we were
living among our kinfolk, we were troubled by many
fears. But Allah has been gracious to us; He has
delivered us from the fiery scourge. Indeed we used to
pray only to Him. Surely He is the Beneficent, the
Deniers of truth will be put in the fire of hell
The reward for the righteous will be paradise in which they
will show gratitude for Allah's graciousness
Therefore, O Prophet, keep up your mission of
admonition. By the grace of your Rabb you are neither a
soothsayer nor a madman. Do they say: “He is but a poet!
We are waiting for some misfortune to befall him." Tell
them: “Wait if you will; I too shall wait with you." Do
their faculties of reasoning prompt them to say this? Or is
it merely that they are wicked people? Do they say:
“This man has invented this Qur’an himself?” Nay!
They do not want to believe. Let them produce a
scripture like this, if what they say is true! Were they
created without a Creator? Or were they their own
creators? Did they create the heavens and the earth?
Nay! They will never be convinced. Do they possess the
treasures of your Rabb? Or is it they who control them?
Do they have a stairway to heaven by means of which they
overhear Him? If so, let any of them who overheard Him,
bring clear proof. Is He to have daughters and you
sons? Do you ask them payment for your services, that
they should fear to be overburdened by a debt? Do they
have the knowledge of the unseen? Can they write it
down? Do they intend to devise a plot against you?
If so, the disbelievers themselves will be trapped in their
plot. Do they have a god other than Allah? Exalted is
Allah, far above those deities they associate with Him.
They are such people that, even if they will see a
part of heaven falling down, they would say: “It is but a
mass of clouds." So leave them alone until they
encounter that Day of theirs wherein they shall be made to
swoon with terror. The Day when their designs
will avail them nothing and none will help them. Surely
for such wrongdoers, there is another punishment besides
that, even though most of them do not realize that.
Therefore, wait for the Judgment of your Rabb with patience,
We are surely watching over you. Glorify your Rabb with His
praises when you wake up, and glorify Him in a part of
the night, and also as the stars fade away.
The mission of the Prophet and the response to the
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* The reward for the righteous will be
paradise in which they will show
gratitude for Allah’s graciousness while the deniers of truth
will be put in hellfire.
* Mission of the Prophet is admonition.
* Response to the disbelievers’ disbelief:
- If they doubt The Qur'an, let them produce a scripture like
- Were they created without a Creator?
- Do they possess the treasures of God?
- Do they have other means to hear the facts about God?
- Do they have the knowledge of the unseen?
If so let them produce their proof.
Swearing an oath by some realities and
signs which testify to the Hereafter, a statement is made
emphatically that it will surely come to pass, and none has the
power to prevent its occurrence. Then, the statement goes on as
to what will be the fate of those who deny it when it actually
occurs, and how those who believe in it and adopt the way of
righteousness will be blessed by Allah.
Then, the Qureysh chiefs’ attitude towards the message of the
Prophet (pbuh) is criticized. They called him a sorcerer, a
madman, or a poet, and would thus mislead the common people
against him so that they should not pay any serious attention to
the message he preached. They looked upon him as a calamity that
had suddenly descended on them and would openly wish to get rid
of him. They accused him of fabricating the Qur’an by himself
and of presenting it in the name of Allah and thus it was fraud
that he was committing. They would often taunt him, saying that
Allah could not have appointed an ordinary man like him to the
office of Prophethood. They expressed great disgust at his
invitation and message and would avoid him as if he was asking
them a reward for it. They would sit and take counsel together
to devise schemes in order to put an end to his mission. And
while they did all this, they never realized what creeds of
ignorance they were practicing and how selflessly and sincerely
was Muhammad (pbuh) exerting himself to deliver them from their
error. While criticizing them for this attitude and conduct,
Allah has put before them certain questions, one after the
other, each of which is either an answer to some objection of
theirs, or a criticism of some error. Then, it has been said
that it would absolutely be of no avail to show them a miracle
in order to convince them of his Prophethood, for they were such
stubborn people as would misinterpret anything they were shown
only to avoid affirming the faith.
The Holy Prophet (pbuh) is given the instruction that he should
persistently continue giving his invitation and preaching his
message in spite of the accusations and objections of his
opponents and enemies, and should endure their resistance
patiently till Allah’s judgement comes to pass. Besides, he has
been consoled, as if to say “Your Rabb has not left you alone to
face your enemies, after raising you as a Prophet, but He is
constantly watching over you. Therefore, endure every hardship
patiently till the Hour of His Judgement comes, and seek through
praising and glorifying your Rabb the power that is required for
exerting in the cause of Allah under such conditions.