In the name
of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
O believers! Do not put yourselves ahead of Allah and His Rasool.
Fear Allah; surely Allah hears all and knows all. O
believers! Do not raise your voices above the voice of the
Prophet, nor speak aloud when talking to him as you speak aloud
to one another, lest your deeds should come to nothing while you
do not even perceive it. Those who lower their voices and
speak softly in the presence of Allah’s Rasool are the ones
whose hearts Allah has tested for piety; they shall have
forgiveness and a great reward. Those who call out to you,
O Muhammad, from outside the private apartments, most of
them lack common sense. If only they had patience until you
could come out to them, it would certainly be better for them.
Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. O believers, if an evildoer
comes to you with some news, verify it (investigate to
ascertain the truth), lest you should harm others
unwittingly and then regret what you have done. And know that
Allah’s Rasool is among you. If he were to follow you in most
affairs, you would certainly be in trouble. Allah has endeared
this faith to you and beautified it in your hearts, making
unbelief, wrongdoing, and disobedience abhorrent to you. It is
they who are rightly guided through Allah’s grace and
blessing. Allah is Knowledgeable, Wise. If two parties among
the believers fall into mutual fighting, make peace between
them. Then if one of them transgresses against the other, fight
the one who has transgressed until he returns to the commands of
Allah. Then, if he returns, make peace between them with justice
and be fair; for Allah loves those who are fair and just. The
believers are brothers to one another, therefore, make
reconciliation between your brothers and fear Allah, so that you
may be shown mercy.
Allah's commandment to lower one's voice in the presence of the
Make peace between the believers if they fall into fighting
O believers! Let no men laugh at other men who may perhaps be
better than themselves; and let no woman laugh at another woman,
who may perhaps be better than herself. Do not defame through
sarcastic remarks about one another, nor call one
another by offensive nicknames. It is an evil thing to be
called by a bad name after being a believer, and those who do
not repent are the ones who are the wrongdoers. O believers!
Avoid immoderate suspicion, for in some cases suspicion is a
sin. Do not spy on one another, nor backbite one another (to
say something about another behind ones back that if one hears
it, dislikes it). Would any of you like to eat the flesh of
his dead brother? Surely you would abhor it. Fear Allah; for
Allah is the Accepter of repentance, Merciful. O mankind! We
created you from a single pair of a male and a female,
and made you into nations and tribes that you might get to know
one another. Surely the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is
he who is the most righteous. Allah is All-Knowledgeable,
Islamic etiquettes of moral behavior
Mankind is created from a single male and a female and noblest
is he who is the most righteous
The beduin Arabs say: “We have believed."
Tell them: “You have not believed; rather say 'We have become
Muslims;' for faith has not yet found its way into your hearts.
If you obey Allah and His Rasool, He will not deny you the
reward of your deeds; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful."
The true believers are those who believe in Allah and His Rasool,
then never doubt; and make Jihãd (exert their efforts)
with their wealth and their persons in the cause of Allah. Such
are the ones who are truthful in their claim to be the
believers. O Prophet say to those who claim to have
believed: "Do you apprise Allah of your religion? Whereas,
Allah knows all that is in the heavens and the earth and He has
full knowledge of everything." They think they have
conferred upon you a favor by embracing Islam. Tell them: “You
have conferred upon me no favor by accepting Islam. It was Allah
Who has conferred a favor upon you in guiding you to the true
faith; admit this, if you are men of truth. Surely Allah
knows the secrets of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is
watching all your actions."
difference between a true Believer and a Muslim.
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* Allah commanded lowering ones voice in
the presence of the Prophet.
* Make peace between the believers if they fight among
* Islamic etiquettes of moral behavior:
- Do not laugh at another to down degrade him.
- Do not defame another through sarcastic remarks.
- Do not call another by offensive nicknames.
- Avoid immoderate suspicions, for in some cases it is a sin.
- Do not spy on one another.
- Do not backbite one another.
- All mankind is created from one man and one woman, therefore,
no one has superiority over another and noblest is he who is the
* True believer is he who believes in Allah, His Rasool and
makes Jihãd with his wealth and person in the Way of Allah.
The subject matter of this Sürah is to
teach Muslims manners worthy of true believers. In the first
five verses they are taught the manners they should observe with
regard to Allah and His Rasool. They are given the instruction
that it is not right to believe information without basis and
not to act without careful thought. If information is received
about a person, a group or a community, it should be evaluated
carefully to see whether the source of information is reliable
or not. If the source is not reliable, it should be tested and
examined to see whether the news is authentic or not before
taking any action on it. Guidance is provided towards attitudes
that Muslims should adopt in cases where groups of Muslims have
conflict with each other.
Muslims are exhorted to safeguard against the evils that corrupt
collective life and spoil mutual relationships such as mocking
and taunting each other, calling other names, creating
suspicions, spying into other people’s affairs and backbiting.
All of these evils are declared as forbidden and unlawful. In
addition, national and racial distinctions that cause universal
corruption in the world are condemned. Nations, tribes and
families with pride of ancestry tend to look down upon others as
inferior to themselves. Nationalism historically promotes
superiority complexes that have been the main cause of
injustices, wars and tyranny in the world. In this Sürah Allah
has cut the root of this evil by stating that all men are
descendants of the same pair of humans (Adam and Eve) and their
division into tribes and communities is only for the sake of
recognition, not for boasting and pride, and there is no lawful
basis of one man’s superiority over the other except on the
basis of moral excellence.
In conclusion, people are told that true Faith is not the verbal
statement of believing in Allah and His Rasool, but to obey them
in practical life and to exert sincere efforts with one’s self
and wealth in the cause of Allah. As for those who profess Islam
orally without testifying by their hearts and actions, thinking
that they had done someone a favor by accepting Islam, they may
be counted among the Muslims in this world and may even be
treated as Muslims in the society, but they are not believers in
the sight of Allah.