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The Lord Complete Holy Book (The Quran)

in English Audio Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

 

Now Playing # (48) The Victory (Al-Fath)

(29 Verses)
 
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In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

SECTION: 1
O Prophet, Surely We have granted you a manifest victory in the shape of a Treaty concluded at Hudeybiyah,[1] so that Allah may forgive your past as well as your future sins, and may perfect His blessings upon you, and keep you on the Right Way,[2] and that Allah may bestow on you His mighty help.[3] It was He who sent down tranquillity into the hearts of the believers, so that they may add more faith to their Faith. To Allah belong the forces of the heavens and the earth. Allah is All-Knowledgeable, All-Wise.[4] He has caused you to do as you have done, so that He may admit the believing men and believing women into the gardens beneath which rivers flow, to live therein forever and remove their ills from them; and that is the highest achievement for men in the sight of Allah.[5] And that He may punish the hypocritical men and the hypocritical women and the mushrik men and the mushrik women, who entertained an evil thought about Allah. A turn of evil shall befall them, for Allah's wrath is upon them. He has laid His curse on them and prepared for them the fire of hell, which is a very evil abode.[6] To Allah belong the forces of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.[7] O Prophet, We have sent you as a witness, as a bearer of good news, and as a Warner.[8] So that you, O people, may believe in Allah and His Rasool, and that you may help him and honor him and glorify Allah morning and evening.[9] Surely those who swore allegiance to you O Prophet, indeed swore allegiance to Allah Himself. The Hand of Allah was above their hands. Now, the one who will break his pledge, will break it at his own peril, and the one who will keep his pledge that he has made with Allah, shall soon be given a great reward by Him.[10]

48:[1-10]


Allah granted the Muslims a manifest victory through the treaty of Hudeybiyah





Swearing allegiance to the Prophet is considered swearing allegiance to Allah

SECTION: 2
The beduin Arabs who stayed behind will soon say to you: “Our goods and families kept us occupied, so please ask forgiveness for us.” They say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Tell them: “Who can intervene on your behalf with Allah if it be His will to do you harm or He pleases to do you good? Allah is well aware of your actions.[11] Rather you thought that the Rasool and the believers would never return to their families; this fancy seemed pleasing to your hearts. You conceived evil thoughts and thus incurred damnation."[12] He who does not believe in Allah and His Rasool, We have prepared a blazing fire for such unbelievers.[13] To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth: He forgives whom He pleases and He punishes whom He wills. Allah is All-Forgiving, Most Merciful.[14] When you set forth to take the spoils of war, those who stayed behind will say: “Let us come with you." They wish to change Allah’s decree. Tell them plainly: “You shall not come with us. Allah has already said this before." Then they will say: “Nay! But you are jealous of us.” Whereas there is no question of jealousy, but little do they understand such things.[15] Tell the beduin Arabs who stayed behind: “You shall soon be called upon to fight against a mighty people then either you will fight or they will embrace Islam. Then if you obey, Allah will grant you a good reward, but if you turn away as you have done before, He will inflict on you a painful penalty."[16] There is no blame on the blind, the lame, and the sick if they stay behind. He that obeys Allah and His Rasool shall be admitted to gardens beneath which the rivers flow, and he that turns away shall be punished with a painful punishment.[17]

48:[11-17]


Beduin Arabs who did not go with the Prophet for war between Islam and


Kufr are condemned for lagging behind



Only the blind, lame and sick are exempt from war

SECTION: 3
Allah was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to you under the tree. He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquillity upon them and He rewarded them with a speedy victory,[18] and many spoils which they will soon acquire. Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.[19] Allah has promised you many spoils which you shall acquire, and has given you these spoils of Khayber with all promptness. He has restrained the hands of enemies from you, so that it may serve as a sign to the believers and that He may guide you to the Right Way.[20] Besides, He promises you other spoils as well, which are not yet within your reach but Allah has surely encompassed them. Allah has power over everything.[21] Even if the unbelievers had fought with you, they would have been put to flight, and would not have found any protector or helper.[22] Such has been the practice of Allah in the past; and you shall find no change in the practice of Allah.[23] It is He Who has restrained their hands from you and your hands from them in the valley of Makkah, through the Peace Treaty of Hudeybiyah, after that He had given you victory over them, and Allah was watching all your actions.[24] They are the ones who disbelieved and obstructed you from the Masjid-al-Harăm (Sacred Mosque - Ka'bah) and prevented your offerings from reaching their destination. Had there not been believing men and believing women in the city of Makkah, whom you did not know, and their possibility of being trampled under your feet and thus incurring unwitting guilt on their account, Allah would have allowed you to fight, but He held back your hands, so that He may admit to His mercy whom He will. Had the believers stood apart from them, We would certainly have punished the disbelievers among them with painful punishment.[25] While the unbelievers set up in their hearts the arrogance - the arrogance of the time of ignorance - Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Rasool and the believers and made the believers to adhere to the word of piety; for they were most worthy and deserving of it. Allah has full knowledge of everything.[26]

48:[18-26]


Allah was well pleased with those who swore allegiance to the Prophet before the treaty of Hudeybiyah



Had there not been believers in Makkah, Allah would have allowed the Muslims to fight against Qureysh

SECTION: 4
Indeed Allah has in all truth shown the vision to His Rasool, that, Allah willing, you shall enter the Masjid-al-Harăm (Ka'bah) fearless and secure to perform Umrah or Hajj and some having their heads shaved and others having their hair cut, for He knows what you do not know. So, He granted you a near victory before the fulfillment of that vision.[27] It is He who has sent His Rasool with Guidance and the religion of truth, so that He may exalt this religion over all other religions: and sufficient is Allah as a witness.[28] Muhammad, the Rasool of Allah, and those with him are strong against the unbelievers and compassionate to each other among themselves. When you see them, you will find them making Raküh (bowing down) and Sajüd (prostrate in prayers), and craving for the blessings from Allah and His good pleasure. They have the marks of Sajüd (prostration) on their foreheads, the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Taurăt (Torah); and their similitude in the Injeel (Gospel): they are like the seed which puts forth its sprout, then strengthens it, then becomes thick and stands firmly on its stem, delighting the sowers of the seed, so that through them He may enrage the unbelievers. Yet to those of them who will believe and do good deeds, Allah has promised forgiveness and a great reward.[29]

48:[27-29]


Vision to conquer Makkah is shown to the Prophet


Characteristics of Muhammad (pbuh) and his followers

Major Issues, Divine Law and Guidance:

* Allah granted the Muslims a manifest victory through the treaty of Hudeybiyah.
* Swearing allegiance to the Prophet was considered swearing allegiance to Allah and Allah was well pleased with their actions.
* Those who do not participate in a war between Islam and Kufr are condemned by Allah.
* Only the blind, lame and sick are exempt from war between Islam and Kufr.
* A vision to conquer Makkah was shown to the Prophet.
* Characteristics of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his followers.

This Sürah should be read keeping in mind the following historical background. In A.H. 6, the Prophet saw a dream that he went to Makkah with his Companions and had performed Umrah. Obviously, the Prophet’s dream could not be a mere dream and fiction for it is a kind of Divine inspiration as Allah Himself has confirmed in verse 27, where He said that He Himself had shown that dream to His Rasool. It was not merely a dream but a Divine inspiration which the Prophet had to obey and follow. Therefore, the Prophet informed his Companions of his dream and began to make preparations for the journey. Among the tribes living in the suburbs he had the public announcement made that he was proceeding for Umrah and the people could join him. About 1,400 of the Companions joined him on this highly dangerous journey.

They set off from Madinah in the beginning of Dhil Q‘adah, A. H. 6. At Dhul Hulaifah they put on pilgrims robes with the intention of performing Umrah, took 70 camels with collars round their necks indicating that they were sacrificial animals; and kept only a sword each in sheaths, which the pilgrims to the Ka'bah were allowed to carry according to the recognized custom of Arabia. They carried no other weapons. Thus, the caravan set out for the Ka’bah, the House of Allah, in Makkah, chanting the prescribed slogan of "Labbaik, Allahumma labbaik."

The Holy Prophet despatched a man of the Bani Ka‘b as a secret agent so that he may keep him informed of the intentions and movements of the Qureysh. When the Prophet reached Usfăn, he brought the news that the Qureysh had reached Dhi Tuwa with full preparations and they had sent Khălid bin Walďd with two hundred cavalry towards Kura’al-Ghamim to intercept him. The Qureysh wanted somehow to provoke the Prophet’s companions to fight so that they could tell the Arabs that the Muslims had actually come to fight and had put on the pilgrim garments only to deceive others. Upon receiving this information, the Prophet immediately changed his route and following a very rugged, rocky track, reached Hudeybiyah, which was situated right on the boundary of the sacred Makkan territory. Here, he was visited by Budail bin Warqa, the chief of the Bani Khuza‘ah along with some men of his tribe. They asked what he had come for. The Prophet replied that he and his companions had come only for pilgrimage to the House of Allah. The men of Khuza’ah went and told this to the Qureysh chiefs and counselled them not to interfere with the pilgrims.

The Qureysh sent Urwah bin Mas’ud Thaqafi who held lengthy negotiations with the Prophet and persuaded him to give up his intention to enter Makkah. But the Prophet gave him the same reply that he had given to the chief of the Khuza’ah. Urwah went back and said to the Qureysh: “I have been to the courts of the Caesar, the Khosroes and the Negus but, by God, never have I seen any people so devoted to a king as are the companions of Muhammad. If Muhammad makes his ablutions they would not let the water fall thereof on the ground but would rub it on their bodies and clothes. Now you may decide as to what you should do.”

The Prophet sent Sayyidună Uthmăn (may Allah be pleased with him) as his envoy to Makkah with the message that they had come only for pilgrimage and had brought their sacrificial camels along, and that they would go back after performing the rite of pilgrimage and offering sacrifice. But the Qureysh did not agree and withheld Sayyidună Uthmăn in the city. In the meantime a rumor spread that Sayyidună Uthmăn had been killed. Since he did not return in time, the Muslims took the rumor to be true. Now they could show no more forbearance because their ambassador was put to death. The Muslims had no alternative but to prepare for war. Therefore, the Prophet summoned all his companions and took a solemn pledge from them that they would fight to death. It was not an ordinary undertaking. The Muslims were only 1400 and had come without any weapons. They were camping at the boundary of Makkah, which was 250 miles away from their own city. The enemy could attack them in full strength and could surround them with its allies from the adjoining tribes as well. In spite of this, none from the caravan except one man, failed to give his pledge to fight to death, and there could be no greater proof of their dedication and sincerity to the cause of Allah. This pledge is well known in the history of Islam and is called the Bait-e-Ridwăn.

Later on they came to know that the news about Sayyidună Uthmăn was false. He returned with a deputation under the leadership of Suhail bin ‘Amr from the Qureysh to negotiate peace with the Prophet. The Qureysh insisted no more in disallowing the Prophet and his companions to enter Makkah. However, in order to save face, they insisted only that they should return that year and come back the following year to perform Umrah. After lengthy negotiations, peace was concluded on the following terms:

  1. War would be suspended for ten years, and no party would engage in any hostility, open or secret, against the other.
  2. If anyone during that period from among the Qureysh defected to Muhammad's camp, without his guardian’s permission, he would be returned back to Makkah. But, if a companion of Muhammad were to defect to the Qureysh, there will be no requirement for his return.
  3. Every Arab tribe would have the option to join either side as its ally and enter the treaty.
  4. Muhammad and his men would go back that year and could come the following year for Umrah and stay in Makkah for three days, provided that they brought only one sheathed sword each, and no other weapon of war. In those three days, the Makkans would vacate the city for them (so that there was no chance of conflict), but they would not be allowed to take along any Makkan on return.

The disbelieving Qureysh looked at this treaty as a victory and the Muslims were upset considering this as a humiliation in accepting these conditions. When the document was finished, the Prophet asked his companions to slaughter their sacrificial animals at that very place, shave their heads and put off the pilgrim garments, but no one moved. The Prophet repeated the order thrice but the companions were so much in shock, depression and dejection that they did not comply. During his entire period of Risălat (Prophethood) on no occasion had it ever happened that he (Prophet Muhammad) commanded his companions to do something and they did not hasten to comply. This caused him a great shock. Returning to his tent he expressed his grief to his wife, Sayyidah Umme Salamah. She said, “You shall quietly go and slaughter your own camel and call the barber to have your head shaved. After that, the people will automatically do what you did and will understand that whatever decision you have taken will not be changed.” That suggestion worked and that is precisely what happened. The people slaughtered their animals, shaved their heads or cut their hair short and put off the pilgrim garb. Nevertheless their hearts were still afflicted with grief.

Later, when this caravan was returning to Madinah, this Sürah was revealed, telling the Muslims that the treaty that they were regarding as their defeat was in fact a great victory. The Holy Prophet summoned the Muslims together and said: “Today such a thing has been sent down to me which is more valuable to me than the world and what it contains.” Then he recited this Sürah. The believers became satisfied when they heard this Divine Revelation. The advantages of this treaty began to appear one after the other which proved that this peace treaty indeed was a great victory. Salient features of this treaty were as follows:

  1. This treaty acknowledged the existence of the Islamic State in Arabia. Prior to this, the Arabs considered the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his Companions as rebels and outlaws. By concluding this agree- ment, the Qureysh themselves recognized the Prophet's sovereignty over the territories of the Islamic State and opened the way for the Arab tribes to enter into treaties of alliance with either one of the powers.
  2. The Qureysh acknowledged the Muslim's right of pilgrimage to the House of Allah. They admitted that Islam was not an antireligious creed, and like the other Arabs, its followers also had the right to perform the rites of Hajj and Umrah. This diminished the hatred in the Arab's hearts caused by the propaganda made by the Qureysh against Islam and its followers.
  3. The no-war pact for ten years provided full peace to the Muslims, and they were able to preach Islam in such a way that within two years after Hudeybiyah, the number of the people who embraced Islam far exceeded those of the past 19 years. It was due to this treaty that two years later, when in consequence of the Qureysh’s violating the treaty, the Prophet invaded Makkah. He was accompanied by an army of 10,000 , whereas on the occasion of Hudeybiyah, only 1,400 men had joined him in the march.
  4. The suspension of hostilities provided the Prophet an opportunity to establish and strengthen Islamic rule and turn the Islamic society into a full-fledged civilization and way of life through practicing the Islamic law. This is that great blessing about which Allah says in verse 3 of Sürah Al-Mă’idah: “Today I have perfected your Religion for you and completed My blessing on you and approved Islam as the Way of Life for you.”
  5. The balance of power in Arabia changed within two years after this treaty was signed and the strength of the Qureysh and other pagan tribes diminished and the domination of Islam became certain. One provision of this treaty which had disturbed the Muslims most was the condition about the fugitives from Makkah and Madinah, that the former would be returned and the latter would not be returned. But not much longer afterwards this condition also proved to be disadvantageous for the Qureysh. Experience revealed what far-reaching consequences the Prophet had foreseen and why he accepted it. A few days after the treaty a Muslim of Makkah, Abu Basir, escaped from the Qureysh and reached Madinah. The Qureysh demanded him back and the Prophet returned him to their men who had been sent from Makkah to arrest him. But while on the way to Makkah, he again fled and sat on the road by the Red Sea shore, which the trade caravans of the Qureysh took to Syria. After that, every Muslim who succeeded in escaping from the Qureysh would go and join Abu Basir instead of going to Madinah, until 70 men gathered there. They would attack any Qureysh caravan that passed that way cutting it to pieces. At last, the Qureysh themselves begged the Prophet to call those men to Madinah, and the condition relating to the return of the fugitives itself became null and void.
  6. Being assured of peace from the south, the Muslims overpowered all the opposing forces in the north and central Arabia easily. Just three months after Hudeybiyah, Khayber, the major stronghold of the Jews, was conquered and after it the Jewish settlements of Fadak, Wad-il- Qura, Taima and Tabük also fell to the Muslims one after the other. Then, all other tribes of central Arabia which were bound in alliance with the Jews and Qureysh, came under the sway of Islam.
No Chapter (Surah) Listen
1 The Opening (Al-Fatiha) listen
2 The Cow (Al-Baqrah) listen
3 The Family of Imran (Aal-Imran) listen
4 The Women (An-Nisah) listen
5 The Table (Al-Maeda) listen
6 The Cattle (Al-An'aam) listen
7 The Heights (Al-A'raf) listen
8 The Spoils of War (Al-Anfal) listen
9 The Repentance(At-Tawba) listen
10 Jonah (Yunus) listen
11 The Prophet Hud (Hud) listen
12 Joseph (Yusuf) listen
13 The Thunder (Al-Ra'd) listen
14 Abraham (Imbrahim) listen
15 The Rocky Tract(Al-Hijr) listen
16 The Bees (An-Nahl) listen
17 The Night Journey (Al-Isra) listen
18 The Cave (Al-Kahf) listen
19 Mary (Maryam) listen
20 Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha) listen
21 The Prophets (Al-Anbiya) listen
22 The Pilgrimage (Al-Hajj) listen
23 The Believers (Al-Muminun) listen
24 The Light (An-Nour) listen
25 The Criterion (Al-Furqan) listen
26 The Poets (Ash-Shu'ara) listen
27 The Ants (An-Naml) listen
28 The Narration (Al-Qasas) listen
29 The Spider (Al-Ankaboot) listen
30 The Romans (Al-Rum) listen
31 Luqman (Luqman) listen
32 The Prostration (As-Sajda) listen
33 The Confederates (Al-Ahzab) listen
34 Sheba (Saba) listen
35 The Originator of Creation (Fatir) listen
36 Ya-Seen (Ya Seen) listen
37 The Rangers (As-Saffat) listen
38 The Letter Sad (Sad) listen
39 The Groups (Az-Zumar) listen
40 The Forgiver (Ghafir) listen
41 Explained in Detail (Fussilat) listen
42 The Consultation (Ash-Shura) listen
43 Ornaments of Gold (Az-Zukruf) listen
44 The Smoke (Ad-Dukhan) listen
45 The Kneeling (Al-Jathiya) listen
46 The Curved Sand hills (Al-Ahqaf) listen
47 Muhammad listen
48 The Victory (Al-Fath) listen
49 The Dwellings (Al-Hujurat) listen
50 The Letter Qaf (Qaf) listen
51 The Winds that Scatter (Az-Zariyat) listen
52 The Mount (At-Tur) listen
53 The Star (An-Najm) listen
54 The Moon (Al-Qamar) listen
55 The Most Beneficent (Ar-Rahman) listen
56 The Event (Al-Waqi'a) listen
57 The Iron (Al-Hadid) listen
58 She That Dispute (Al-Mujidala) listen
59 The Gathering (Al-Hashr) listen
60 The Examined One (Al-Mumtahina) listen
61 The Row (As-Saff) listen
62 Friday (Al-Jumu'ah) listen
63 The Hypocrites (Al-Munafiqoon) listen
64 Loss and Gain (At-Taghabun) listen
65 The Divorce (At-Talaq) listen
66 Prohibition (At-Tahreem) listen
67 Dominion (Al-Mulk) listen
68 The Pen (Al-Qalam) listen
69 The Reality (Al-Haaqqa) listen
70 The Ways of Ascent (Al-Ma'arij) listen
71 Noah (Nuh) listen
72 The Jinn (Al-Jinn) listen
73 The Enshrouded One (Al-Muzzammil) listen
74 The Cloaked One (Al-Muddathir) listen
75 The-Resurrection (Al-Qiyamah) listen
76 Man (Al-Insan) listen
77 Those Sent Forth (Al-Mursalat) listen
78 The News (An-Naba) listen
79 Those Who Pull Out (An-Naziat) listen
80 He frowned (Abasa) listen
81 The Folding Up (At-Takwir) listen
82 The Cleaving (Al-Infitar) listen
83 Those Who Deal in Fraud (Al-Mutaffifin) listen
84 The Splitting Asunder (Al-Inshiqaq) listen
85 The Mansions of the Stars (Al-Burooj) listen
86 The Night Comer (At-Tariq) listen
87 The Most High (Al-A'la) listen
88 The Overwhelming (Al-Ghashiya) listen
89 The Dawn (Al-Fajr) listen
90 The City (Al-Balad) listen
91 The Sun (Ash-Shams) listen
92 The Night (Al-Layl) listen
93 The Morning Hours (Ad-Dhuha) listen
94 Relief  (Al-Inshirah) listen
95 The Figs (At-Teen) listen
96 The Clot (Al-Alaq) listen
97 The Night of Decree (Al-Qadr) listen
98 The Clear Proof (Al-Bayyina) listen
99 The Earthquake (Az-Zalzala) listen
100 The Courser (Al-Adiyat) listen
101 The Calamity (Al-Qariah) listen
102 Rivalry in world increase (At-Takathur) listen
103 The Declining Day (Al-Asr) listen
104 The Slanderer (Al-Humaza) listen
105 The Elephant (Al-Feel) listen
106 Quraish ( Quraish) listen
107 Small Kindnesses (Al-Maun) listen
108 Abundance (Al-Kawthar) listen
109 The Disbelievers (Al-Kafiroon) listen
110 Divine- Support (An-Nasr) listen
111 The Flame (Al-Masadd) listen
112 Sincerity (Al-Ikhlas) listen
113 The Daybreak (Al-Falaq) listen
114 The Mankind (An-Nas) listen

 

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The Lord Complete Audio English Quran in MP3 Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

Audio Explanation

Now Playing # (48) The Victory (Al-Fath) (29 Verses)