In the name of
Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Hã M'ïm. We swear by the Glorious Book that We revealed
this Qur’an in a blessed night (Layla-tul Qadr); for We
wanted to forewarn mankind. In that night every matter
is decided wisely by a command from Ourself. Surely We send
it (The Qur'an) down, as a blessing from your Rabb; it
is He Who is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. The Rabb of the
heavens and the earth and all that lies between them, mark
this, if you are true believers! There is no god but Him.
He gives life and death. He is your Rabb and the Rabb of your
forefathers. Yet they play about in doubt. Well! Wait for
the Day when the sky will pour down visible smoke.
Enveloping all mankind; this will be a painful punishment.
Then the mankind will say: “Our Rabb! Remove from us this
punishment, surely we have become real believers." But how
can the acceptance of Our Message at that time be beneficial to
them? A Rasool (Muhammad), who makes the things clear,
has already come to them yet they deny him, saying: “He is a
madman, taught by others!” We shall remove the affliction (famine
from which they were suffering) for a while, but you will
revert to the same old ways. One day We shall seize
you with a mighty onslaught to exact Our retribution.
revealed this Qur'an in the Blessed Night (Layla-tul-Qadr) in
which all matters are decided wisely by His command
Before them We had put the people of Fir'on (Pharaoh)
to the same test, when an honorable Rasool came to them,
saying: “Hand over to me the servants of Allah. I am to you a
Rasool worthy of all trust. Do not hold yourselves above
Allah, surely I have brought to you a clear authority. I
have taken refuge with my Rabb and your Rabb against you
injuring me. If you do not believe me, then leave me
alone." But they became aggressive, so Musa
prayed to his Rabb: “These are indeed a criminal people."
The reply came: “Set forth with My servants (Israelites)
at night, surely you shall be pursued. When you have
crossed the red sea along with your people miraculously,
then leave the sea divided; for they are a host who are destined
to be drowned." How many gardens and springs they left
behind! And agriculture and grand palaces! And means of
luxury and comfort which they used to enjoy! Thus was their
end! And We let other people inherit what was once theirs.
Neither Heaven nor earth sheds tears for them; nor were they
given a respite.
Lessons to be learned from the story of the Prophet Musa and the
people of Fir'on
We did deliver the Children of Israel from a humiliating
chastisement inflicted by Fir'on who was the most arrogant
among such inordinate transgressors, and We chose them, in
spite of knowing their weaknesses above the nations of
the world. We showed them signs in which there was a clear
trial. As to these (people of Qureysh) who say:
“There is nothing beyond our first death and we shall not be
raised again. Bring back our forefathers if you are
truthful." Are these people better than the people of Tubba
and those who were before them? We destroyed them all only
because they had become criminals. It was not for a sport
that We created the heavens the earth and all that lies between
them. We have created them to reveal the truth, but most of
them do not understand. Surely the Day of sorting out is the
time appointed for the resurrection of them all. On that Day
no one shall be able to protect his friend, nor shall they
receive any help except those to whom Allah will show His
Mercy: for it is He Who is the All-Mighty, the All Merciful.
Allah delivered the Children of Israel and chose them over the
nations of the world in spite of their weaknesses
Day of Sorting Out is the time appointed for resurrection
Surely the Zaqqum tree shall be the food of the sinners,
it will be like the dregs of oil. Which shall boil in the
belly like the boiling of scalding water. A voice
will be heard: “Seize him and drag him into the depth of the
hell, then pour scalding water over his head, then
the voice will say: “Taste it; you were such a powerful
noble! This is the punishment which you use to
Food and drink for the sinners in hell
As for the righteous, they will be in a
secure place; among gardens and springs, dressed in fine
silk and rich brocade, sitting face to face. Such
shall be their place! And We shall wed them to Hourin-Ayn
(damsels with beautiful big and lustrous eyes).
There, in full peace, they shall call for every kind of
fruit; and after having prior death in the world, they shall
taste death no more; and He (Allah) will protect them
from the torment of hell as a grace from your Rabb, and that
will be the supreme achievement. Surely We have made this
Qur’an easy by revealing in your own language so that they
may take heed. If they do not accept the admonition
then wait; surely they too are waiting.
and entertainment for the righteous in paradise
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* Allah has revealed this Qur’an in the
blessed night (Layla-tul-Qadr) in which all matters are decided
wisely by His command.
* The Qur’an by itself bears the clear testimony that it is not
the composition of a man but of Allah, Rabb of the worlds.
* Lessons to be learned from the story of the Prophet Musa and
the people of Fir'on.
* Allah delivered the Children of Israel and chose them over the
nations of the world in spite of their weaknesses.
* The Day of sorting out is the time appointed for the
Resurrection of mankind.
* Food and drink for the sinners in Hell compared to food and
entertainment for the righteous in paradise.
This Sürah was revealed for the admonition
and warning of the people of Makkah stating: “The Hour when
Allah, out of sheer mercy, decided to appoint a Rasool and send
His Book to you was highly blessed. The fact is that a Rasool
has been raised and the Book sent down in that particular Hour
when Allah decides their destinies, and Allah’s decisions are
not weak that they may be changed to the people’s liking. The
only argument that you have given to practice shirk is that it
had been the practice of your forefathers which is not any
justification for such a heinous sin. If your forefathers had
committed this folly, there is no reason for you to continue
committing it blindly.”
After this, the question of the famine, which was raging in
Makkah at that time, is discussed. On the one hand, the Prophet
is foretold that the people have not learned any lesson from
this calamity, and on the other, the disbelievers are addressed
so as to say : “You are lying when you say that you will believe
as soon as the torment is removed from you. We shall remove it
to see how sincere you are in your promise.” In this connection,
reference of Fir'on (Pharaoh) and his people is made that those
people also met with the same trial, but after witnessing
several signs one after the other, they did not give up their
stubbornness till at last they met their doom.
Then the theme of the Hereafter is stated which the disbelievers
had denied saying: “We have never seen anyone rising back to
life after death. Raise our forefathers back to life if you are
true in your claim about the life hereafter.” The response to
this is provided in these words: “This cannot be done to meet
the demand of individuals; Allah has appointed a time when He
will surely resurrect all mankind simultaneously and will
subject them to accountability in His Court. If one has to
protect oneself there, one should think about it here. For no
one will be able to save himself there by his own power, nor by
the power of any one else.”
In conclusion, a warning is given: “This Qur’an has been
revealed in simple language in your own tongue so that you may
understand it; yet if you do not understand it and insist on
seeing your evil end, you may wait; Our Prophet too is waiting.
Whatever is to happen, will happen at Allah’s appointed time.”