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the cow

The Lord Complete Holy Book (The Quran)

in English Audio Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

 

Now Playing # (2) The Cow (Al-Baqrah)

(286 Verses)
 
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In the name of Allah, The Compassionate, The Merciful

SECTION: 1
Alif L'ăm M'ďm.[1] This is the Book in which there is no doubt. (Since its Author, Allah, the Creator of this universe, possesses complete knowledge, there is no room for doubt about its contents.) It is a guide for those who are God conscious,[2] who believe in the Unseen, who establish Salah (five regular daily prayers) and spend in charity out of what We have provided for their sustenance;[3] who believe in this Revelation (the Qur'an) which is sent to you (O Muhammad) and the Revelations which were sent before you (Torah, Psalms, Gospel...) and firmly believe in the Hereafter.[4] They are on true Guidance from their Rabb and they are the ones who will attain salvation.[5]

2:[1-5]


Al-Qur'an is free from all doubts

It is a guide for the God-conscious

In fact, as for those who reject Faith; it is the same, whether you warn them or you don't, they will not believe.[6] Allah has sealed their hearts and their hearing, their eyes are covered, and there is a grievous punishment for them.[7]

2:[6-7]

Warning is of no avail for those who reject faith

SECTION: 2
There are some people who say: “We believe in Allah and the Last Day” yet they are not true believers.[8] They try to deceive Allah and the believers. However, they deceive none except themselves yet they do not realize it.[9] There is a disease of deception in their heart; and Allah lets their disease increase, and they shall have painful punishment for the lies they have told.[10] When it is said to them: “Do not make mischief on earth,” they say: “We make peace.”[11] Beware! They are the ones who make mischief but they do not realize it.[12] When they are told: “Believe as the others believe” they sarcastically ask: “Should we believe like fools?” Be aware! They themselves are the fools, if only they could understand.[13] When they meet the believers they say: “We are believers,” but when they are alone with their shaităns, they say: “We are really with you, we were only mocking the believers.”[14] Allah will throw back their mockery on them and leave them alone in their trespasses; so they wander to and fro like the blind.[15]
These are the people who barter guidance for error: but their bargain is profitless and they are not going to be guided.[16]

2:[8-16]


Hypocrites and consequences of hypocrisy

Their example is that of a man who kindled a fire; when it illuminated all around him Allah took away their light (their eyesight) and left them in utter darkness: they could see nothing.[17] Deaf, dumb, and blind, they will never return to the Right Way.[18] Or another example is that of a dark storm-cloud in the sky charged with thunder and lightning. They press their fingers to their ears at the sound of each stunning thunderclap for fear of death: Allah is encircling the unbelievers from all sides.[19] The lightning terrifies them as if it was going to snatch away their eyesight; whenever it flashes they walk on; when it becomes dark, they stand still. And if Allah wanted He could have totally taken away their hearing and their sight; for Allah has power over everything.[20]

2:[17-20]

Examples of their deeds

SECTION: 3
O mankind! Worship your Rabb Who created you and created those who came before you; by doing this you may expect to guard yourself against evil.[21] It is He Who has made the earth a floor for you and the sky a canopy; and it is He Who sends down rain from the sky for the growth of fruits for your sustenance. Therefore, do not knowingly set up rivals to Allah.[22]

2:[21-22]



Allah's demand to worship Him Alone

If you are in doubt as to whether the revelations which We have sent to Our servant (Muhammad) are from Us or not, then produce one Sürah like this; and call your witnesses (gods that you call upon) besides Allah to assist you, if you are right in your claim.[23] But if you are unable to do so, and you can never do so, then fear the Hell fire, whose fuel is men and stones which is prepared for the unbelievers.[24]

2:[23-24]


The claim of The Qur'an to be the Book of Allah

Give glad tidings to those who believe in this Book and do good deeds in accordance with its teachings that for them there will be Gardens beneath which rivers flow. Whenever they will be given fruits to eat they will say: "This is similar to the one we used to eat before on earth," for they will be provided fruits which will resemble the fruits on the earth for their easy identification and enjoyment; and for them there will be chaste virgin spouses, and they shall live therein for ever.[25]

2:[25]


Reward for the believer

Allah does not mind using the similitude of a gnat or an even more insignificant creature to teach a lesson. Those who believe, know that it is the truth from their Rabb; but the unbelievers say: “What does Allah mean by such a similitude?” By such a similitude Allah confounds many and enlightens many. He confounds none except the transgressors:[26] those who break Allah’s Covenant after accepting it, and who cut aside what Allah has ordered to be united and cause mischief on earth. It is they who are the losers.[27]

2:[26-27]

Parable of gnat may confound

many and enlighten many

How can you deny Allah? Did He not give you life when you were lifeless; and will He not cause you to die and again bring you to life; and will you not ultimately return to Him ?[28] It is He Who has created for you all that there is in the earth; and directed Himself towards the sky and fashioned it into seven heavens. He has perfect knowledge of everything.[29]

2:[28-29]

How can you deny Allah?

SECTION: 4
Note that occasion, when your Rabb said to the angels: I am going to place a vicegerent on earth. They said: "Will You place there one who will make mischief and shed blood while we sing Your praises and glorify Your name?" Allah said: "I know what you know not."[30]

2:[30]


Story of Adam's creation

He taught Adam the names of all things; then He presented the things to the angels and said: "Tell Me the names of these if what you say is true?" (Allah did this to show Adam’s special qualities of learning and memory).[31] "Glory to You," they replied, "we have no knowledge except what You have taught us: in fact You are the One who is perfect in knowledge and wisdom."[32] Allah said: "O Adam! Tell them the names." When Adam told them the names, Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of the heavens and the earth and I know what you reveal and what you conceal?"[33]

2:[31-33]

Victory of knowledge

When We ordered the angels: "Prostrate before Adam in respect," they all prostrated except Iblees (Shaităn) who refused in his arrogance and became a disbeliever.[34] To Adam We said: "Dwell with your wife in Paradise and eat anything you want from its bountiful food from wherever you wish, but do not approach this tree, or you shall both become transgressors."[35]

2:[34-35]

Angels show respect to Adam

But Shaităn tempted them with the tree to disobey Allah’s commandment and caused them to be expelled from Paradise, and We said: "Get out from here, some of you being enemies to others, and there is for you in the earth an abode and provisions for a specified period."[36]

2:[36]

Shaităn caused Adam to lose paradise

Then Adam received appropriate words from his Rabb and repented, and Allah accepted his repentance. Surely He is the Acceptor of Repentance, the Merciful.[37]

2:[37]


Adam's repentance and his forgiveness

"Get down from here all of you," We said at the time of Adam’s departure from Paradise. "Henceforth there shall come to you guidance from Me, those who accept and follow it shall have nothing to fear or to regret.[38] But those who reject and defy Our revelations will be inmates of Hellfire, wherein they shall live forever."[39]

2:[38-39]


Need of Allah's revelations for guidance

SECTION: 5
O children of Israel! Remember My favors which I bestowed upon you; fulfill your covenant (firm commitment) with Me and I will fulfill My covenant with you, that you should fear none but Me.[40] Believe in My revelations, which are confirming your scriptures; do not be the first one to deny My revelations, and do not sell them for a petty price, fear Me and Me Alone.[41] Do not mix the Truth with falsehood, or knowingly conceal the truth.[42] Establish Salah (prayers); give Zakah (charity); and bow down with those who bow down in worship.[43]

2:[40-43]


Allah's covenants with the Children of Israel

Would you ask others to be righteous and forget to practice it yourselves? Even though you read your Holy Book? Have you no sense? [44]

2:[44]

Do you advise others and forget yourselves?

Seek Allah’s help with patience and Salah; it is indeed hard to be patient and punctual in offering Salah except for those who fear Allah,[45] who are certain in their mind that they are going to meet their Rabb and that they are going to return to Him for final judgment.[46]

2:[45-46]

Allah's help comes with patience and Salah

SECTION: 6
O’ Children of Israel! Remember My favors which I bestowed upon You; that I exalted you above all other nations.[47] Guard yourselves against the Day on which one soul shall not avail another - no intercession shall be accepted, no ransom shall be taken and no help shall be given.[48]

2:[47-48]


Criminals will find no way out on the Day of Judgment

Remember how We delivered you from the people of Fir‘on (Pharaoh): they had subjected you to severe torment, killing your sons and sparing your daughters; you were facing a tremendous trial from your Rabb.[49] And We parted the Red Sea for you, taking you to safety, and drowned Fir'on’s people before your very eyes.[50]

2:[49-50]


Israelites deliverance from Pharaoh's persecution

Remember when We communed with Musa (Moses) for forty nights and in his absence you took the calf for worship, thus committing a wicked transgression.[51] Even then We forgave you, so that you might become grateful.[52]

2:[51-52]

Israelites sin of worshipping the calf

We gave Musa (Moses) the Holy Book (Torah) and the criterion of right and wrong so that you might be rightly guided.[53] Remember when Musa returned with the Divine Book, he said to his people: “O my people! You have indeed grievously wronged yourselves by taking the calf for worship; so turn in repentance to your Creator and slay the culprits among you; that will be best for you in His sight." He accepted your repentance; surely He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.[54]

2:[53-54]



Their repentance through slaying the culprits

Remember when you said: "O Musa! We shall never believe you until we see Allah with our own eyes," a thunderbolt struck you while you were looking on and you fell dead.[55] Then We raised you up after your death; so that you might be grateful.[56] And We even provided you the shade of clouds and sent down to you manna (sweet dish) and salva (quail meat) saying: "Eat of the good things We have provided for you;" in spite of these favors your forefathers violated our commandments. However, by violating our commandments they did not harm Us, but they harmed their own souls.[57]

2:[55-57]

Israelites who wanted to see Allah directly were put to death, then Allah gave them life again and provided them with heavenly food

Remember when We said: "Enter this town and eat whatever you wish to your heart's content; make your way through the gates, with humility saying; ‘we repent.' We shall forgive you your sins and We shall increase the provisions for the righteous among you.[58] But the wrongdoers changed Our Words from that which they were asked to say, so We sent down a scourge from heaven as a punishment for their transgression.[59]

2:[58-59]

Israelites discontent and disbelief

SECTION: 7
Remember the time when Musa (Moses) prayed for water for his people; We said: "Strike the rock with your staff." Thereupon twelve springs came out of it. Each tribe was assigned its own drinking-place. Then they were commanded: "Eat and drink of what Allah has provided and do not create mischief in the land."[60]

2:[60]


The miracle of providing water from a rock

Remember when you said: "O Musa (Moses)! We cannot endure one kind of food; call on your Rabb to give us a variety of food which the earth produces, such as green-herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentils, and onions." ‘What?’ Musa asked. ‘Would you exchange the better for the worse? If that’s what you want, go back to some city; there you will find what you have asked for. Gradually they became so degraded that shame and misery were brought upon them and they drew upon themselves the wrath of Allah; this was because they went on rejecting the commandments of Allah and killed His prophets unjustly, furthermore, it was the consequence of their disobedience and transgression.[61]

2:[61]

Israelites rejected the heavenly food


Israelites disobedience and transgression

SECTION: 8
Rest assured that Believers (Muslims), Jews, Christians and Sabians - whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and performs good deeds - will be rewarded by their Rabb; they will have nothing to fear or to regret.[62]

2:[62]


Real believers have nothing to fear or to regret

Remember O Children of Israel when We took a covenant from you and when We lifted the Mount (Tür) over your heads saying: "Hold firmly to what We have given you (Torah) and follow the commandments therein, so that you may guard yourself against evil."[63] But even after that you backed out; if there would not have been the Grace and Mercy of Allah upon you, you surely would have been among the losers.[64]

2:[63-64]

Israelites covenant with Allah

You very well know the story of those of you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath; We ordered them: "Be detested apes".[65] Thus, We made their fate an example to their own people and to succeeding generations, and a lesson to those who are God-conscious.[66]

2:[65-66]

Punishment for the violation of Sabbath

Remember the incident when Musa (Moses) said to his people: "Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow," they replied, "do you ridicule us?" Musa answered, "I seek the protection of Allah from being one of the ignorant."[67] "Request your Rabb," they said, "to give us some details of that cow." Musa replied: "Allah says, the cow should neither be too old nor too young but of middle age;" do, therefore, what you are commanded![68] "Request your Rabb again" they said, "to clarify for us her color." Musa replied: "Allah says, the said cow should be of a rich and deep yellow color pleasing to the eyes."[69] Again they said: "Request your Rabb to clarify for us the exact type of cow she should be, for to us all cows look alike; if Allah wills, we shall be rightly guided."[70] Musa replied: "Allah says, the said cow should have neither been used to till the soil nor water the fields; a healthy one free from any blemish." "Now you have brought us the accurate description," they said. Then they slaughtered her, after they had nearly declined.[71]

2:[67-71]

Israelites attitude in sacrificing a cow on Allah's command

SECTION: 9
And remember the incident when you killed a man and started disputing as to who killed him, Allah made it known what you concealed.[72] So We said: "Strike the dead body with a piece of the slaughtered cow." That’s how Allah brought the dead to life to show you His Signs so that you may understand His power to restore life.[73] But even after seeing that your hearts became hard like a rock or even harder, for there are some rocks from which rivers gush out, and there are some which break asunder and water comes out of them, and there are some which fall down with the fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.[74]

2:[72-74]


Miracle of bringing the dead body back to life


The Israelites reaction to the miracle

Do you, O Believers, still hope that they (people of the Book) will believe in what you say, when some of them have already heard the word of Allah and perverted it knowingly after they understood it?[75] When they meet the believers (Muslims) they say: "We too are believers," but when they (people of the Book) meet each other in private, they say: "Would you disclose to the believers (Muslims) what Allah has revealed to you? So that they (Muslims) may use it as an argument against you in the court of your Rabb? Have you no sense?"[76] Do they not really know that Allah knows what they conceal and what they reveal?[77]

2:[75-77]

People of the Book are hopeless victims of hypocrisy

Among them there are some illiterates who do not know their Holy Book; they follow their own desires and do nothing but conjecture.[78] Woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say: "This is from Allah," so that they may sell it for a petty price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they have earned.[79]

2:[78-79]

Among them there are some who attribute their own writings to Allah

The Jews say: "The fire shall not touch us except for a few days." Ask them: “Have you obtained such a promise from Allah which He would not break ? Or do you assert against Allah what you do not know?"[80] Yea! Those who commit evil and become encircled in sin are the inmates of Hellfire; they shall live there for ever.[81] As for those who believe and do good deeds, they will be the residents of Paradise and live there forever.[82]

2:[80-82]

Jews' false claim and its punishment

SECTION: 10
Remember, We took a covenant (firm commitment) from the children of Israel: "You shall worship none but Allah; be good to your parents, relatives, orphans and destitute, speak fair to the people, establish 'Salah', and pay 'Zakah.'" But you broke the covenant, except a few of you, and you paid no heed.[83]

2:[83]


Israelites made a covenant and broke it

Also remember another covenant which We took from you: That you shall not shed blood among yourselves and you shall not expel your own people from your homes; you confirmed it and you are witness to it.[84] Yet there you are, killing your own people, expelling a group amongst you from their homes, backing each other with sin and aggression; and if they come to you as captives, you trade them for ransoms whereas their expulsion was unlawful for you to begin with. Do you believe in a part of your Holy Book and reject the rest? So what other punishment do such people among you, who behave like this, deserve, than disgrace in this world and to be driven to grievous punishment on the Day of Judgment? Allah is not unaware of what you do.[85] Such are the people who trade the life of this world at the expense of the Hereafter; so neither their punishment shall be lightened nor shall they be helped.[86]

2:[84-86]


Their behavior with their own people

SECTION: 11
To Musa (Moses) We gave the Book (Torah) and sent after him other Rasools in succession; then We gave Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear Signs and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit (Gabriel). Why is it that whenever there came to you a Rasool with a message which did not suit your desires, you became so arrogant that to some of them you called impostors and others you killed![87] They say: "Our hearts are in secure wrappers;" but the fact of the matter is that Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, so little is that which they believe.[88]

2:[87-88]


Advent of the Prophet Isa (Jesus)

Now when there has come to them a Book from Allah confirming the Holy Books of Torah and Gospel which they already have - even though before this they used to pray for victory against the unbelievers - when there came to them that which they very well recognize, they knowingly rejected it; Allah’s curse is on such disbelievers.[89] Ridiculous is the price for which they have sold away their souls, that they deny Allah’s revelation merely because of their grudge, that Allah should send His grace only (on an Israelite rather than) on whom He pleases from His servants (Muhammad)! They have drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath, and for such disbelievers there is a disgraceful punishment.[90]

2:[89-90]



Jews rejected the truth knowingly

When they are asked to believe in what Allah has revealed, they reply: "We only believe in what Allah has sent to us (Torah), and we reject what is beside that," while it is the truth confirming their own scriptures! Well, ask them, "If you sincerely believe in what was sent to you , why did you kill the Prophets of Allah who were sent to you from amongst yourselves before?"[91] Musa (Moses) came to you with clear Signs, no sooner was he away from you, than you committed evil by worshipping the calf.[92]

2:[91-92]

Nature of the Jews' belief

Remember when We took a Covenant from you and We lifted the Mount of Tür over your heads saying: "Take what We have given you firmly and listen to Our Commandments," you replied: "we have heard but we will not obey." So much was the love of that calf in their hearts due to their unbelief. Tell them: "If you are real believers, then why does your faith prompt you to do such evil things?"[93]

2:[93]

Their love for the calf was more than their love for Allah

Say O Muhammad: "If the Home of the Hereafter is exclusively for you and not for the rest of mankind, then wish for death if you are true in your claim!"[94] But they will never wish for death, because they are fully aware of the consequences of what they have sent before them for the Hereafter. And Allah knows the mentality of the wrongdoers.[95] You will find them the greediest of men for life, even greedier than the mushrikďn; each one of them wishes to be given a life of a thousand years; but the grant of such a life will not save them from the punishment, for Allah is watching whatever they do.[96]

2:[94-96]


Jews' claim of exclusive right to inherit paradise is put to test

SECTION: 12
Say O Muhammad: "Whoever is the enemy of Jibră'el (Gabriel) should know that he revealed this Qur'an to your heart by Allah’s command, which confirms previous scriptures, and is a guidance and good news for the believers."[97] Let them know that whoever is an enemy to Allah, His angels, His Rasools, Jibră'el (Gabriel) and Mika‘el (Michael); Allah is an enemy to such unbelievers.[98]

2:[97-98]


Their animosity for Jibră'el and other angels

We have sent down to you clear revelations: no one can deny them except the transgressors.[99] Has it not been the case that every time they made a covenant a group of them threw it aside? But the fact is that most of them are faithless.[100]

2:[99-100]


Israelites faithlessness

Whenever there came to them a Rasool from Allah confirming their own Holy Book, a group from those to whom the Holy book was given cast off the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they knew nothing about it,[101] and accepted what the shaităns falsely attributed to the kingdom of Sulaimăn; not that Sulaimăn was an unbeliever, it was the shaităns who were unbelievers; they taught witchcraft to the people and that which was revealed to the two angels, Harüt and Marüt in the city of Babylon. Yet, these two angels never taught magic to anyone without saying: "We have been sent to tempt you; do not renounce your faith." In spite of this warning, those people kept on learning from the angels, the magic of which could cause discord between husband and wife; although they could harm none with it except with Allah’s permission. They learned, indeed, what harmed them and did not profit them; even though they knew fully well that the buyers of magic would have no share in the happiness of the Hereafter. Surely, they sold their souls for a bad price, if they could understand it![102] If they would have believed (accepted Islam) and kept themselves away from evil, there would have been a better reward from Allah, if they could understand it![103]

2:[101-103]




Their accusation against the Prophet Solomon (Sulaimăn)

Their learning of witchcraft

SECTION: 13
O Believers, do not say to our Rasool: "Ră'ina" (an ambiguous word for: "Listen, may you become deaf" or "Our shepherd" or in Judeo-Arabic language conveys the sense, "our evil one.") But say "Unzurna" ("look upon" us "or pay attention" to us) and listen to him carefully; and remember that there is a painful punishment for the unbelievers.[104] The unbelievers among the People of the Book, and the mushrikďn, would never wish that any good be sent down to you, O Muhammad, from your Rabb, but Allah chooses for His special Mercy whom He pleases, and Allah is the most Gracious.[105]

2:[104-105]



Etiquettes to address the Prophet of Allah

We do not abrogate any of Our verses of the Qur'an or cause it to be forgotten except that We substitute it with something better or similar; don't you know that Allah has full power over everything?[106] Do you not know that to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and that besides Allah, you have no protector or helper![107]

2:[106-107]

Abrogation and/ or substitution of the verses of the Qur'an

Do you intend to ask questions from your Rasool (Muhammad) as Musa (Moses) was questioned before? But whoever barters belief for unbelief, has indeed lost the direction of the Right Way.[108]

2:[108]

Questioning the Prophet

Many among the people of the Book (Jews and Christians) wish they could somehow turn you back to unbelief, due to their selfish envy, after the truth has become quite clear to them. Forgive them and bear with them until Allah brings about His decision; rest assured that Allah has power over everything.[109]

2:[109]

Envy of Jews and Christians

Establish Salah and pay Zakah, and whatever good you send ahead of you to the Hereafter for yourselves, you shall find it with Allah; surely Allah is watching all your actions.[110]

2:[110]


Open-ended credit account for the Hereafter

They say: "None shall enter paradise except the one who is a Jew or a Christian." These are their vain desires. Say O Muhammad: "Let us have your proof if you are right in your claim."[111] Yea! Whoever submits himself entirely to Allah and is good to others will be rewarded by his Rabb; and will have nothing to fear or to regret.[112]

2:[111-112]

The Jews' and Christians' false claim to inherit paradise

SECTION: 14 The Jews say: "The Christians are not on the right track," and the Christians say: "It is the Jews who are not on the right track," yet both read their Holy Books (Torah or Gospel). And those who have no knowledge (the pagan Arabs) say like to what both of them say; so Allah will judge between them in their dispute on the Day of Judgment.[113]

2:[113]

Religious prejudice of the Jews and the Christians

Who is more unjust than the one who prevents people from the Masăjid (place of worship) of Allah , forbids the mention of His name therein, and strives to ruin them ? It is not proper for such people to enter in them except with His fear. For them there is disgrace in this world and grievous punishment in the Hereafter.[114]

2:[114]

Order not to prevent people from coming to the Masăjid

To Allah belong the East and the West; whichever direction you turn your face there is the presence of Allah. Surely Allah is All-Embracing and All-Knowing.[115]

2:[115]

All directions belong to Allah

They say: "Allah has taken to Himself a son;” Allah is above such things! Rather, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; all are obedient to Him.* He is the Creator of the heavens and the earth ! When He decrees a thing, He needs only to say, "Be," and there it becomes.[116]

2:[116-117]

The accusation against Allah of having a son

Those who have no knowledge ask: "Why does Allah not speak to us face to face or send us a sign ?" The same demand was made by those before them: they all have the same mentality. We have already shown clear signs to those whose faith is firm.[118] What clearer sign could there be than this Book? We have sent you (O Muhammad) with the knowledge of the Truth and made you the bearer of good news and warning; now, you will not be called upon to answer about the actions of the companions of the blazing fire.[119]

2:[118-119]




The Qur'an is the knowledge of truth

The Jews and the Christians will never be pleased with you, until you follow their faith. O Muhammad, tell them : "Allah’s guidance is the only guidance;" and if after all the knowledge you have received, you yield to their desires, there shall be none to protect you or help you from the wrath of Allah.[120] Those to whom We have given the book and who read it as it ought to be read, they are the ones who believe in it; as for those who reject it, they are for sure the losers.[121]

2:[120-121]

Jews and Christians will never be pleased with you

SECTION: 15
O Children of Israel! Remember the special favor which I bestowed upon you; that I exalted you above all other nations.[122] Guard yourselves against the Day when one soul shall not avail another, no ransom shall be taken, no intercession shall profit anyone, and no help shall be given.[123]

2:[122-123]


Accountability on the Day of Judgment

Remember when Ibrăhďm (Abraham) was tested by his Rabb with certain commands, he fulfilled them. Allah said: "Surely, I will make you the leader of mankind." "What about my offspring?" Asked Ibrăhďm. “My pledge," said Allah, "will not apply to the evil doers."[124]

2:[124]

Ibrăhďm was made the Leader of mankind

Remember when We made the House (the Ka'bah) a center and sanctuary for mankind saying, "Take the station of Ibrăhďm as a place of prayer;" We entrusted Ibrăhďm and Isma‘il to cleanse Our House for those who walk around it, who meditate in it, and who kneel and prostrate in prayers.[125] Ibrăhďm said: "My Rabb, make this (Makkah) a secure town and provide its people with plenty of food from fruits, those of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day." He answered, "As for those who do not, I shall also provide for them in this life, though in the Hereafter I shall drag them to the torture of Hellfire and it is an evil destination indeed!"[126]

2:[125-126]

Importance of the Ka‘bah

Prayer of Ibrăhďm for the city of Makkah

Ibrăhďm (Abraham) and Isma`il (Ishmael) raised the foundations of the House and dedicated it by saying: "Accept this from us, O Rabb, You are the one who hears all and knows all.[127] O Rabb, make us both Muslims (submissive to You); and make our descendants a nation that will be Muslims (submissive to You). Teach us our rites of worship and forbear our shortcomings; surely, You are the Acceptor of repentance, the Merciful.[128] O Rabb, appoint from among them a Rasool who shall recite to them Your Revelations and teach them the Book and the Wisdom and sanctify them; surely, You are the All-Mighty, the Wise."[129]

2:[127-129]

 

Ibrăhďm and Isma‘il pray for the appointment of a Prophet from the City of Makkah

SECTION: 16 Who but a foolish man would renounce the faith of Ibrăhďm? We chose him in this worldly life, while in the Hereafter, he will be among the righteous.[130] When his Rabb asked him: "Be a Muslim," he answered: "I have become a Muslim to the Rabb of the worlds."[131] This was the legacy that Ibrăhďm left to his sons and so did Ya‘qoob (Jacob), when he said: "O my sons! Allah has chosen for you this Deen (way of life), therefore, die not unless you are Muslims."[132]

2:[130-132]

Islam: the religion of Ibrăhďm

Ibrăhďm's advice to his sons

Were you present when death approached Ya'qoob (Jacob)? He asked his sons: "Who will you worship after me?" They replied: "We will worship the same One God Who is your Rabb and the Rabb of your forefathers Ibrăhďm, Isma`il and Ishăq (Isaac), and to Him we all submit as Muslims."[133]

2:[133]

 

They were a people that have passed away. They shall reap the fruits of what they did, and you shall for what you do. You shall not be questioned about what they did.[134] Jews and Christians say: "Be Jews or Christians, you shall then be rightly guided." O Muhammad, say: "By no means! We follow the faith of Ibrăhďm, the upright one; and he was not one of the mushrikďn."[135]

2:[134-135]

 

Say: "We believe in Allah and that which is revealed to us; and what was revealed to Ibrăhďm (Abraham), Isma`il (Ishmael), Ishăq (Isaac), Ya'qoob (Jacob) and their descendants, and that which was given to Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus) and other Prophets from their Rabb. We do not discriminate any of them, and to Allah we have surrendered ourselves (in Islam)."[136] So, if they accept Islam like you, they shall be rightly guided; if they reject it, they will surely fall into dissension (divide into differing factions); Allah will be your sufficient defender against them, and He hears and knows everything.[137]

2:[136-137]

The order of Allah to believe in all the Prophets without discrimination

Baptism is from Allah; and who is better than Allah in baptizing? Him do we worship.[138]
 

2:[138]

Baptism is from Allah

Say, O Muhammad: "Would you dispute with us concerning Allah, who is our Rabb and your Rabb as well? We shall be accountable to Him for our deeds and you for yours; to Him Alone we are devoted.[139] Do you claim that Ibrăhďm (Abraham), Isma`il (Ishmael), Ishăq (Isaac), Ya'qoob (Jacob) and their descendants were all Jews or Christians? Are you more knowledgeable than Allah?" Who is more wicked than the one who hides the testimony received from Allah? Allah is not unaware of what you do.[140] That was a nation who has already passed away. They are responsible for what they did and you are for what you do, you shall not be questioned about their deeds.[141]

2:[139-141]

Ibrăhďm and his sons were neither Jews nor Christians

SECTION: 17
The foolish will ask: "Why did they turn away from the Qiblah (the direction in prayer) towards which they used to face?” O Muhammad, say: “East and West belong to Allah; He guides whomever He wishes to the Right Way.”[142]

2:[142]


Q i b l a h (direction in prayers)

We have made you a moderate Ummah (nation) so that you may testify against mankind and that your own Rasool may testify against you. We decreed your former Qiblah only to distinguish those who are the real followers of the Rasool from those who would back away from the faith. It was indeed a hard test except for those whom Allah has guided. Allah does not want to make your faith fruitless. Allah is Compassionate and Merciful to mankind.[143]

2:[143]

The order of Allah to change Qiblah

O Muhammad, many a time We noticed you turning your face towards heaven; now We will make you turn towards a Qiblah that will please you. Turn your face during Salah towards the Sacred Mosque (Ka'bah); wherever you are turn your face in that direction. The people of the Book know this to be the truth from their Rabb. Allah is not unaware of what they do.[144] Even if you give every proof to the people of the Book, they will not accept your Qiblah, nor will you accept theirs. Neither of them (the Jews and Christians) are the followers of each other’s Qiblah. If, after all the knowledge you have been given, you yield to their desires then surely you will be among the wrongdoers.[145] Those to whom We have given the Book (Jews and Christians) recognize this fact as they recognize their own children.[146] Nevertheless, a group of them deliberately conceal the truth. The truth is from your Rabb; therefore, you should never be among the doubters.[147]

2:[144-147]

The Ka'bah in Makkah was made the new Qiblah

SECTION: 18
Everyone has a direction towards which one turns, therefore, emulate one another in good deeds. Wherever you are, Allah will bring all of you together; Allah has power over all things.[148] From whatever place you come forth, turn your face during Salah towards the Sacred Mosque; this is in fact a commandment from your Rabb. Allah is not unaware of what you do.[149] Again, whatever place you come forth, turn your face during Salah towards the Sacred Mosque; and wherever you are, face towards it, so that people will not have any argument against you, except those among them who are wrongdoers. Do not fear them; fear Me, so that I may perfect My favors to you and that you may be rightly guided,[150] just as We bestowed Our favor upon you when We sent among you a Rasool of your own who recites to you Our revelations, sanctifies you, teaches you the Book and wisdom, and teaches you that which you did not know.[151] Therefore, remember Me, and, I will remember you, be grateful to Me and never deny Me.[152]

2:[148-152]


The order to face towards Ka'bah as Qiblah during Salah (prayers)

SECTION: 19
O’ You who believe! Seek My help with patience and prayer: surely, Allah is with those who are patient.[153] 2:[153]

2:[136-137]


Prescription to seek Allah's help

Do not say about those who are slain in the cause of Allah (martyrs), that they are dead. Nay, they are alive, but you do not perceive it.[154]

2:[154]

Martyrs are not dead

We shall surely test your steadfastness with fear and famine, with loss of property, life and produce. Give good news to those who endure with patience;[155] who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return."[156] Such are the people on whom there are blessings and Mercy from Allah; and they are the ones that are rightly guided.[157]

2:[155-157]

Allah will test the Believer's belief

Behold! Safă and Marwah (two hills in the Sacred Mosque) are among the symbols of Allah. So anyone who performs Hajj or Umrah (pilgrimage) to the House, there is no blame if one goes around both of them; and anyone who does good voluntarily should know that surely Allah knows the grateful.[158]

2:[158]

Safa and Marwah are the symbols of Allah

Those who conceal the clear proofs and the guidance, after We have made it clear in the Book for mankind will have Allah's curse and that of those who are entitled to curse;[159] except those who repent, reform and let the truth be known; I will accept their repentance, for I am the Receiver of Repentance, the Merciful.[160] Surely those who are unbelievers and die while they are unbelievers, they are the ones on whom is the curse of Allah, the angels and all mankind,[161] they will live in it for ever; neither their punishment shall be lightened nor shall they be given respite.[162] Your God is one God; there is no one worthy of worship except Him, the Compassionate, the Merciful.[163]

2:[159-163]

The curse of Allah, the angels and all mankind is on those who conceal the truth

SECTION: 20 Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, in the alternation of the night and the day, in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind, in the rain which Allah sends down from the skies, with which He revives the earth after its death and spreads in it all kinds of animals, in the change of the winds and the clouds between the sky and the earth that are made subservient, there are signs for rational people.[164]

2:[164]


Signs from nature to recognize Allah

There are some who worship other deities besides Allah (mushrikďn), they love them as they should love Allah, whereas the believers are strong in love for Allah. If those who are unjust could visualize (the Day of Judgement) when they will see the chastisement, they would come to know for sure that all powers belong to Allah and that Allah is stern in retribution.[165] On that Day those leaders who were being followed, when faced with their punishment, will renounce those who followed them and the bonds which united them will break asunder.[166] The followers will say: “If it could be possible for us to live again, we would renounce them as they have renounced us today.” Thus Allah will show them the fruits of their deeds. They will sigh with regret, and shall not be able to come out of the Hell fire.[167]

2:[165-167]

The mushrikďn will have severe punishment


The followers of misguided leaders will regret on the Day of Judgement

SECTION: 21
O Mankind! Eat of what is lawful and clean on the earth and do not follow the footsteps of Shaităn, surely he is your open enemy.[168] He enjoins you to commit evil and indecency and to say certain things against Allah about which you have no knowledge.[169]

2:[168-169]


Do not follow the footsteps of Shaităn

When it is said to them: “Follow what Allah has revealed.” They reply: “Nay! We will follow what our forefathers practiced.” Well! Even if their forefathers had no sense at all and lacked guidance?[170] The parable of those who reject faith is like cattle which, call out to them as one may, hear nothing but a shout and a cry since they are unable to understand; they are deaf, dumb and blind, and understand nothing.[171]

2:[170-171]

Do not profess the faith blindly

O believers! Eat the clean things which We have provided you and give thanks to Allah, if you worship only Him.[172] He has forbidden you to eat dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which any name other than Allah has been invoked; but if someone is compelled by absolute necessity, intending neither to sin nor to transgress, they shall incur no sin. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.[173]

2:[172-173]

Prohibited (Harăm) food

Surely those who conceal any part of the Book which Allah has revealed and sell His revelations for a petty price (material gain), shall swallow nothing but fire into their bellies. On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will neither speak to them nor purify them and they shall have painful punishment.[174] These are the kind of people who barter guidance for error and forgiveness for punishment. How stubborn are they to encounter Hell fire![175] Their doom is because Allah has revealed the Book with the truth; surely those who seek causes of dispute in the Book (the Qur'an) are in extreme schism (divergence).[176]

2:[174-176]

Those who hide the truth for worldly gains swallow nothing but fire

SECTION: 22
Righteousness is not whether you turn your face towards East or West; but righteousness is to believe in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Books and the Prophets, and to spend wealth out of love for Him on relatives, orphans, helpless, needy travellers, those who ask for and on the redemption of captives; and to establish Salah (prayers), to pay Zakah (alms), to fulfill promises when made, to be steadfast in distress, in adversity, and at the time of war. These people are the truthful and these are the pious.[177]

2:[177]


Islamic definition of righteousness

O believers! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the cases of murder: a free man for a free man, a slave for a slave, and a female for a female. But if anyone is pardoned by his aggrieved brother, then bloodwit (a ransom for manslaughter) should be decided according to the common law and payment should be made with gratitude. This is a concession and a mercy from your Rabb. Now, whoever exceeds the limits after this, shall have a painful punishment.[178] O men of understanding! There is security of life for you in the law of retaliation, so that you may learn self-restraint. [179]

2:[178-179]

Islamic laws of retribution

The will is made obligatory before the death of anyone of you who is leaving some property behind to bequest it equitably to his parents and relatives. This is a duty incumbent on the righteous.[180] If anyone changes the bequest after hearing it, the sin of it then is on those who make the change. Allah hears and knows everything.[181] But there is no blame on the one who suspects an error or an injustice on the part of the testator and brings about a settlement among the parties. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.[182]

2:[180-182]


Commandment of Allah to execute a "will"

SECTION: 23
O believers! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may learn self-restraint.[183] Fast the prescribed number of days; except if any of you is ill or on a journey, then fast a similar number of days later. For those who can not endure it for medical reasons, there is a ransom: the feeding of one poor person for each missed day. Whoever does more good than this voluntarily, it is better for him. However, if you truly understand the rationale of fasting, it is better for you to fast.[184]

2:[183-184]


The obligation of fasting

It is the month of Ramadhăn in which the Qur’an was revealed, a guidance for mankind with clear teachings showing the Right Way and a criterion of truth and falsehood. Therefore, anyone of you who witnesses that month should fast therein, and whoever is ill or upon a journey shall fast a similar number of days later on. Allah intends your well-being and does not want to put you to hardship. He wants you to complete the prescribed period so that you should glorify His Greatness and render thanks to Him for giving you guidance.[185]

2:[185]

The revelation of the Qur'an and fasting in the month of Ramadhăn

When my servants question you about Me, tell them that I am very close to them. I answer the prayer of every suppliant when he calls Me; therefore, they should respond to Me and put their trust in Me, so that they may be rightly guided.[186]

2:[186]

Allah is very close to His devotees

It is made lawful for you to approach your wives during the night of the fast; they are an apparel for you and you for them. Allah knows that you were committing dishonesty to your souls. So He has relented towards you and pardoned you. Now, you may approach your wives and seek what Allah has written for you. Eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread of night, then complete your fast till nightfall. Do not approach your wives during I‘htikaf (retreat in the mosques in last ten days of Ramadhăn). These are the limits set by Allah: do not ever violate them. Thus Allah makes His revelations clear to mankind so that they may guard themselves against evil.[187]

2:[187]

Husband-wife relationship is permitted during the nights of the Fasting month

Timings of fasting

Do not misappropriate one another’s property unjustly, nor bribe the judges, in order to misappropriate a part of other people’s property, sinfully and knowingly.[188]

2:[188]

Bribing is a sin

SECTION: 24 They question you about the new moon. Tell them: it is to determine the periods of time for the benefit of mankind and for the Hajj (pilgrimage). It is not righteous to enter your houses from the back doors during Hajj times. Righteousness is to fear Allah. Enter your houses through the proper doors and fear Allah so that you may prosper.[189]

2:[189]

The moon is to determine time periods

Fight in the cause of Allah with those who fight against you, but do not exceed the limits. Allah does not like transgressors.[190] Kill them wherever they confront you in combat and drive them out of the places from which they have driven you. Though killing is bad, creating mischief is worse than killing. Do not fight them within the precincts of the Sacred Mosque unless they attack you there; but if they attack you, put them to the sword; that is the punishment for such unbelievers.[191] If they cease hostility, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.[192] Fight against them until there is no more disorder and Allah’s supremacy is established. If they desist, let there be no hostility except against the oppressors.[193]

2:[190-193]

Order to fight for a just cause

The Sacred month, in which fighting is prohibited, is to be respected if the same is respected by the enemy: sacred things too are subject to retaliation. Therefore, if anyone transgresses a prohibition and attacks you, retaliate with the same force. Fear Allah, and bear in mind that Allah is with the righteous.[194]

2:[194]

Retaliation is made lawful even in the sacred months

Give generously for the cause of Allah and do not cast yourselves into destruction by your own hands. Be charitable: Allah loves those who are charitable.[195]

2:[195]

Commandment to give charity

Complete the Hajj (obligatory pilgrimage to Makkah) and the Umrah (optional visit to Makkah) for the sake of Allah. If you are prevented from proceeding then send such offering for sacrifice as you can afford and do not shave your head until the offerings have reached their destination. But if any of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp which necessitates shaving, he must pay ransom either by fasting or feeding the poor or offering a sacrifice. If in peacetime anyone wants to take the advantage of performing Umrah and Hajj' together, he should make an offering which he can afford; but if he lack the means, let him fast three days during the Hajj and seven days on his return making ten days in all. This order is for the one whose household is not in the precincts of the Sacred Mosque. Fear Allah and know that Allah is strict in retribution.[196]

2:[196]

Hajj and Umrah (pilgrimage to Makkah)

SECTION: 25 Hajj is in the well known months. One who undertakes to perform it must abstain from husband-wife relationship, obscene language, and wrangling during Hajj. Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. Take necessary provisions with you for the journey, and piety is the best provision of all. Fear Me, O People endowed with understanding.[197] There is no blame on you if you seek the bounty of your Rabb during this journey. When you return from Arafăt, (stop at Muzdalifah and) praise Allah near Mash‘ar-al-Har’am. Praise Him as He has guided you, for before this you were from the people who had lost the Right Way.[198] Then return from where the others return and ask Allah’s forgiveness; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.[199] When you have fulfilled your sacred duties, praise Allah as you used to praise your forefathers or with deeper reverence. There are some who say: “Our Rabb! Give us abundance in this world.” Such people will not have any share in the hereafter.[200] But there are others who say: “Our Rabb! Give us the good life, both in this world and in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire.”[201] Such people shall have their due share in both worlds according to what they have earned, Allah is swift in settling all accounts.[202] Celebrate the praises of Allah during these appointed days. If anyone hastens to leave Mina after two days or stays there a day longer there is no blame on him provided he spends these days in piety. Fear Allah and remember that you will surely be gathered before Him.[203]

2:[197-203]


Restrictions during Hajj

Performance of Hajj (pilgrimage)

Among the people there is one whose speech fascinates you in this worldly life; he may even call upon Allah to witness what is in his heart, yet he is your staunch opponent.[204] And when he leaves you, he directs his efforts towards causing mischief in the land, destroying crops and cattle. Allah, Whom he makes his witness, does not like mischief.[205] When it is said to him “Fear Allah,” arrogance carries him off to sin. Hell will be the proper place for such a person, which is indeed an evil refuge.[206] And among people there is one who would give away his life to seek the pleasure of Allah. Allah is affectionate to His devotees.[207]

2:[204-207]

Next Page Previous Page
Hypocrisy vs. True belief

O believers enter into Islam completely and do not follow the footsteps of Shaităn, surely he is your clear-cut enemy.[208] If you falter after receiving the clear-cut message, then keep in mind that Allah is Mighty, Wise.[209] Are they waiting for Allah to come down to them in the shadow of clouds, along with the angels and make His decision known? Ultimately, all matters will be presented to Allah for decision.[210]

2:[208-210]

 

Commandment of entering into Islam completely

SECTION: 26
Ask the Children of Israel how many clear-cut signs We have given them. Anyone who substitutes the favor of Allah (changes the revelations of Allah) after it has come to him, should know that Allah is strict in retribution.[211] The life of this world is charming to those who are unbelievers and they mock at those who believe, but they forget that those who fear Allah will rank above them on the Day of Resurrection; Allah gives sustenance without measure to whom He wants.[212]

2:[211-212]

Believers will rank above the disbelievers on the Day of Judgement

Mankind was one nation having one religion. Later when people invented other religions, Allah appointed Prophets as bearers of good news and warnings; and revealed to them the Book with the True Guidance to settle the matters of dispute between mankind. But the very people to whom it was given, started disputes after the clear arguments had come to them, because of rivalry between one another. Allah has guided the believers by His will to the truth in those matters in which they had differences. Allah guides whom He pleases towards the Right Way.[213]

2:[13]

Mankind was one nation having one religion

Do you think that you will enter Paradise without any trials while you have known the examples of those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with suffering and adversity and were so violently shaken up that even the Rasool and the believers with him cried out: “When will Allah’s help come?” Then they were comforted with the words, Be aware! Allah’s help is ever close.[214]

2:[214]

The way to Paradise passes through trials

They ask you what they should spend in charity. Say: “Whatever you spend with a good heart, give it to parents, relatives, orphans, the helpless, and travellers in need. Whatever good you do, Allah is aware of it.[215] Fighting has been made obligatory for you, much to your dislike. It is quite possible that something which you don’t like is good for you and that something which you love is bad for you. Allah knows, and you do not.[216]

2:[215-216]

Charity and fighting (for just cause) is made obligatory

SECTION: 27 They ask you about war in the Sacred Month. Tell them: "Fighting in this month is a heinous offence; but to prevent from the path of Allah, to deny Him, to prevent access and expel His worshippers from the Sacred Mosque is a more severe crime, since mischief is worse than killing in His sight. As for unbelievers: they will not cease fighting until they succeed in turning you back from your religion if they can; and if any of you turns back from his religion and dies as an unbeliever, his deeds will become void in this life and in the hereafter. He will be the inmate of the hellfire, to live in there forever.[217] Surely those who are believers, and migrated and struggled in the path of Allah, they can hope for the mercy of Allah; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful."[218]

2:[217-218]

Fighting during the Sacred Months is a heinous sin

Punishment for 'mürtad' (the one who turns back from Islam)

They ask you about drinking and gambling. Tell them: “There is great sin in both, although they may have some benefit for men; but the sin is greater than the benefit.” They ask you what they should spend; tell them: “Whatever you can.” Thus Allah makes His revelations clear to you, so that you may reflect upon[219] this world and the hereafter. They ask you about orphans. Tell them: "It is best to deal with them justly; you may become copartners with them, after all they are your brethren; Allah knows who means harm and also who means their welfare. If Allah had wanted He could be hard on you in this matter, surely Allah is Mighty, Wise."[220]

2:[219-220]

Drinking and gambling are sinful (First Order of prohibition)

The commandment to deal with orphans justly

Do not marry mushrik women until they become believers; a believing slave woman is better than a free mushrik woman even though she may be more attractive to you. Likewise, do not marry mushrik men until they become believers: a believing slave is better than a free mushrik even though he may be more pleasing to you. These mushrikďn invite you to the hellfire while Allah invites you towards paradise and forgiveness by His grace. He makes His revelations clear to mankind so that they may take heed.[221]

2:[221]

It is unlawful to marry a mushrik male or a female

SECTION: 28 They ask you about menstruation. Tell them: "This is a discomfort; therefore, keep away from women (do not have sexual intercourse) during their menstrual periods and do not approach them until they are clean again. When they have cleansed themselves then you may approach them in the manner Allah has enjoined for you. Surely Allah loves those who turn to Him in repentance and keep themselves clean.[222] Your wives are your tilth; so go to your tilth when you like. Take care of your future and refrain from the displeasure of Allah. Bear in mind that you shall meet Him in the Hereafter, and give good news to the believers.[223]

2:[222-223]

Prohibition of husband wife relationship during menstruation

Do not use Allah's name in your oaths as an excuse to prevent you from dealing justly, guarding against evil and making peace between people; Allah hears and knows everything.[224] Allah will not hold you accountable for what is inadvertent in your oaths, but He will hold you accountable for what you intended in your hearts; Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.[225]

2:[224-225]

Do not misuse oaths taken in the name of Allah

Those who renounce conjugal relationship with their wives on oath have a limitation of four months. If they reconcile and restore their relationship, surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.[226] But if they decide to divorce them, they may do so, surely Allah hears and knows everything.[227]

2:[226-227]

A limitation of four months is imposed on renouncing husband wife relationship

Divorced women must keep themselves waiting for three menstrual periods, it is not lawful for them to hide what Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. In such cases their husbands have a right to take them back in that period if they desire reconciliation. Women have rights similar to those exercised against them in an equitable manner, although men have a status (degree of responsibility) above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.[228]

2:[228]

Waiting period for remarriage is three menstruation periods after divorce

SECTION: 29
The pronouncement of revocable divorce is only allowed twice: then she should be allowed to stay with honor or let go with kindness after the third pronouncement. It is not lawful for husbands to take anything back which they have given them except when both parties fear that they may not be able to follow the limits set by Allah; then if you fear that they both will not be able to keep the limits of Allah, there is no blame if, by mutual agreement the wife compensates the husband to obtain divorce. These are the limits set by Allah; do not transgress them, and those who transgress the limits of Allah are the wrongdoers.[229] So if a husband divorces his wife three times, it is not lawful for him to remarry her until after she has married another man and gotten divorced. In that case there is no blame on either of them if they reunite in marriage, provided they think that they can keep the limits of Allah. Such are the limits of Allah which He makes clear to the people of understanding.[230]

2:[229-230]


Laws relating to divorce

When you divorce women and they have reached the end of their waiting period (‘Iddat) either allow them to stay with honor or let them go with kindness; but you should not retain them to harm them or to take undue advantage; if anyone does that he wrongs his own soul. Do not take Allah’s revelations as a joke. Remember the favors of Allah upon you and the fact that He sent down the Book and Wisdom for your guidance. Fear Allah and know that Allah has knowledge of everything.[231]

2:[231]

Commandment of honorable and kind treatment to divorced women

ECTION: 30
When you have divorced women and they have reached the end of their waiting period do not prevent them from marrying their prospective husbands if they have come to an honorable agreement. This is enjoined on everyone amongst you who believes in Allah and the Last Day. This is more virtuous and chaste for you; Allah knows what you do not know.[232]

2:[232]


There is no restriction on divorcees for remarriage

The mothers shall breast-feed their offspring for two whole years if the father wishes the breast-feeding to be completed. The reasonable cost of their maintenance and clothing will be the responsibility of the child’s father. No one should be charged with more than they can afford. Neither a mother should be made to suffer on account of her child nor a father on account of his child. The father’s heirs are under the same obligation. But if, with mutual agreement, they both decide to wean the child, there is no blame on them. If you decide to have a foster-mother for your offspring, there is no blame on you provided you pay what you have promised to pay in an honorable manner. Fear Allah and beware that Allah observes your actions.[233] As for those of you who die and leave widows behind, let them abstain from marriage for four months and ten days: when they have reached the end of this period, there is no blame on you for what they do for themselves in a decent manner. Allah is aware of what you do.[234]

2:[233-234]

Commandment of breast feeding the babies





Widows are commanded to wait four months and ten days before remarriage

There is no blame on you if you make a proposal of marriage during their waiting period openly or keep it in your hearts. Allah knows that you will naturally cherish them in your hearts; however, be careful not to make any secret agreement, and if you wish to marry, speak to them in an honorable manner. Do not confirm the marriage tie until the prescribed waiting period expires. You should know that Allah is aware of what is in your hearts, so fear Him. Bear in mind that Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.[235]

2:[235]

There is no restriction on the remarriage of widows

SECTION: 31 There is no blame on you if you divorce women before the marriage is consummated or the dowry is settled. Pay them something anyhow, the rich man according to his means and poor according to his, a reasonable amount in all fairness. This is an obligation on the righteous people.[236] And if you divorce them before the marriage is consummated but after the fixation of a dowry, give them half of their dowry unless the woman wants to waive it or the man in whose hand is the marriage tie agrees to forego (and pay the dowry in full). To forego and give full dowry is closer to piety. Do not forget to show kindness to each other. Surely Allah observes your actions.[237]

2:[236-237]


Commandments relating to dowry in the case of a divorce

Guard your Salah (obligatory regular prayers) especially the middle Salah and stand up with true devotion to Allah.[238] If you are in danger, pray on foot or while riding; and when you are safe, remember Allah in the manner that He has taught you which you did not know before.[239]

2:[238-239]

Commandment for guarding the Salah (Prayers)

Those of you who die and leave widows should bequeath for them a year’s maintenance without causing them to leave their homes; but if they leave the residence on their own there is no blame on you for what they chose for themselves in a fair way. Allah is Mighty, Wise.[240] Reasonable provisions must also be made for divorced women. That is an obligation upon those who fear Allah.[241] That’s how Allah makes His Revelations clear to you so that you may understand.[242]

2:[240-242]

Executing a "Last Will and Testament" is made obligatory

SECTION: 32 Have you reflected on the case of thousands of people (Israelites) who fled their homes for fear of death? Allah said to them: “Die” (gave them death). Then He gave them life again. Surely Allah is bountiful to mankind, but most of the people are ungrateful.[243] O believers, fight in the path of Allah without fear of death and bear in mind that Allah hears and knows everything.[244]

2:[243-244]


Fight in the path of Allah without the fear of death since there is no escape from death

Who will loan to Allah a beautiful loan which Allah will increase many fold? Allah alone can decrease and increase wealth, and to Him you all shall return.[245] Have you not reflected on what the leaders of the children of Israel demanded from one of their Prophets after the death of Musa (Moses)? “Appoint for us a king,” they said, “and we will fight in the cause of Allah.” The Prophet replied: “What if you refuse to fight when you are ordered to do so?” They replied, “How could we refuse to fight in the cause of Allah, while we along with our children were driven out of our homes?” But when, on their demand, they were ordered to fight, all refused except a few of them. Allah knows the evildoers.[246]

2:[245-246]

Israelites asked for a king to fight in the way of Allah

Their Prophet told them: “Allah has appointed Talüt (Saul) to be your king.” They replied: “How can he be our king when some of us are more deserving than him? Besides, he is not rich.” The Prophet said: “Allah has chosen him to rule over you and blessed him with knowledge and stature. Allah grants kingship to whom He pleases and Allah has boundless knowledge."[247] Furthermore, their Prophet told them: “The sign of his appointment as a king is that there will come to you the chest in which there is tranquillity from your Rabb and the residue of relics which the family of Musa (Moses) and the family of Haroon (Aaron) left behind, and that chest will be carried by the angels. Surely therein is a sign for you if you are true believers.”[248]

2:[247-248]

Allah appointed Talüt to be their king

When Talüt marched forth with his army, he announced: “Allah will test you at a certain river; anyone who will drink from its water shall cease to be my soldier, and those who will not drink to quench their thirst with its water except a sip or so from the hollow of their hands shall fight on my side.” They all drank from it, inspite of this warning, except a few of them. When he and those who believed with him crossed the river, they said: “We have no power left this day against Jalüt (Goliath) and his warriors.” But the believers, who knew they would meet Allah, replied: "It has often happened that a small group, by the grace of Allah, has vanquished a mighty army. Allah is with those who endure with patience."[249]

2:[249]

Majority of Israelites' failed in the test of their belief



Victory is not dependent on numbers

When they advanced to face Jalüt (Goliath) and his warriors, they prayed: “Our Rabb! Fill our hearts with steadfastness, make our steps firm, and help us (give us victory) against the unbelievers."[250] By Allah’s will they put the unbelievers to flight, and Dawőőd (David) killed Jalüt. Allah gave Dawőőd the kingdom and wisdom and taught him what else He pleased. If Allah had not been repelling one set of people by the might of others, there would indeed be disorder on earth, but Allah is Gracious to all the worlds.[251] These are the revelations of Allah; We recite them to you in truth. Surely you, O Muhammad, are one of Our Rasools.[252]

2:[250-252]

Believer's prayer for a victory



Allah reaffirmed the Prophethood of Muhammad (pbuh)

These are the Rasools (which We have sent for the guidance of mankind). We have exalted some above others. To some Allah spoke directly; others He raised high in ranks; to Isa (Jesus) the son of Maryam (Mary) We gave clear Signs and supported him with the Holy Spirit. If Allah wanted, the people who received the clear signs would not have fought against each other; but they disputed, as a result, there were some who believed while others rejected. Yet If Allah wanted, they would not have fought each other; but Allah does what He intends.[253]

2:[253]

Ranks of Rasools

SECTION: 34
O believers! Spend out of the sustenance which We have provided for you before the arrival of that Day when there will be no bargaining, friendship or intercession. It is the unbelievers who are wrongdoers.[254]

2:[254]


Spending in charity

Allah! There is no god but Him: the Living, the Eternal. He neither slumbers nor sleeps. To Him belongs all that is in the Heavens and the Earth. Who can intercede with Him without His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them. They cannot gain access to any thing out of His knowledge except what He pleases. His throne is more vast than the heavens and the earth, and guarding of these both does not fatigue Him. He is the Exalted, the Supreme.[255]

2:[255]

Allah's Attributes "Ayat-ul-Kursi"

There is no compulsion in religion. True guidance has been made clearly distinct from error. Therefore, whoever renounces ‘Tăghüt’ (forces of Shaităn) and believes in Allah has grasped the firm hand-hold that will never break. Allah, Whose hand-hold you have grasped, hears all and knows all.[256] Allah is the Wali (Protector) of those who believe, He brings them out of the depth of darkness and leads them into the light. As for the unbelievers, whose wali (protector) is Tăghüt (forces of Shaităn), he takes them out of the light and leads them into the depths of darkness. As a result they will become the companions of the Hell fire and shall live therein forever.[257]

2:[256-257]

There is no compulsion in religion

Wali of Allah vs. Wali of Shaităn

SECTION: 35
Have you ever reflected upon the one (Namrud), to whom Allah had given a kingdom, who argued with Ibrăhďm (Abraham) about his Rabb. When Ibrăhďm said: “My Rabb is He Who has power to give life and to cause death.” He replied: “I too have the power to give life and to cause death.” Ibrăhďm said: “Well, Allah causes the sun to rise from the east; just make it rise from the west.” Thus the unbeliever was confounded; Allah does not guide the evildoers.[258]

2:[258]

Confrontation of Ibrăhďm and Namrud

Or take another example of the one (Prophet Ezra) who passed by a town which had fallen down upon its roofs. He exclaimed: “How can Allah bring this dead township back to life?” Thereupon Allah caused him to die, and after one hundred years brought him back to life. Allah asked: “How long did you remain here?” Ezra replied: “Perhaps a day or part of a day.” Allah said: “Nay! You have remained here for one hundred years: now just have a look at your food and drink; they are not rotten; and then look at your donkey and see that his very bones have decayed. We have done this to make you a Sign for mankind. Look at the bones of your donkey how We bring them together then clothe them with flesh and bring him back to life! When this all was shown clearly to him he said: “Now I know that Allah has power over everything."[259]

2:[259]

Example of bringing dead to life

Yet another example is when Ibrăhďm said: “My Rabb! Show me how you give life to the dead." He replied: “Have you no faith in this?” Ibrăhďm humbly submitted: “Yes! But I ask this to reassure my heart.” Allah said: “Take four birds; train them to follow your direction, cut their bodies into pieces and scatter those pieces on hilltops, then call them back; Allah will bring them back to life and they will come to you right away. Thus you will know that Allah is All-powerful and Wise."[260]

2:[260]

Ibrăhďm's question of life after death

SECTION: 36
The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is that of a grain that sprouts into seven ears, each bearing one hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wishes. Allah has boundless knowledge.[261] Those who spend their wealth in the cause of Allah and do not follow their charity with reminders of their generosity or injure the feeling of the recipient, shall get their reward from their Rabb; they shall have nothing to fear or to regret.[262] Kind words and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury. Allah is Self-sufficient, Forbearing.[263]

2:[261-263]


The parable of spending in Charity

O believers! Do not make your charity worthless by reminders of your generosity or by injury to the recipients feelings, like those who spend their wealth to be seen by people and believe neither in Allah nor in the Last Day. Their parable is like a hard barren rock covered with a thin layer of soil; a heavy rain falls, leaving it just a bare stone. Such people will not gain any reward that they thought they had earned. Allah does not guide the unbelievers.[264]

2:[264]

What makes charity worthless

The example of those who spend their wealth to seek the pleasure of Allah and to strengthen their souls is like a garden on a high and fertile ground: when heavy rain falls on it, it yields up twice its normal produce; and if no rain falls, even a light moisture is sufficient. Whatever you do is in the sight of Allah.[265] Would any one of you like that his garden, which is full of palm trees, grape vines, and all kinds of fruits and watered by running streams, be blasted and consumed by a fiery whirlwind at the time when he has become too old and his children are too feeble to earn anything? Thus Allah makes His revelations clear to you so that you may ponder over them.[266]

2:[265-266]

Charity vs. showing off

SECTION: 37 O believers, spend in Allah’s Way the best portion of the wealth you have lawfully earned and that which We have produced for you from the earth, and do not pick out for charity those worthless things that you yourselves would not accept but with closed eyes. Bear in mind that Allah is Self-Sufficient, Praiseworthy.[267] Shaităn threatens you with poverty and prompts you to commit what is indecent, while Allah promises you His forgiveness and bounties, and Allah has boundless knowledge.[268] He grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and whoever is granted wisdom is indeed given a great wealth, yet none except people of understanding learn a lesson from it.[269]

2:[267-269]

Spend the best portion of your wealth

Allah's promise vs. Shaităn's promise

Whatever you spend in charity or whatever vow you make, surely Allah knows it. The wrongdoers shall have no helpers.[270] To give charity in public is good, but to give to the poor in private is better and will remove from you some of your sins. Allah is aware of your actions.[271] O Prophet, you are not responsible for their guidance, it is Allah Who guides whom He pleases. Whatever wealth you spend in charity, it is to your own advantage; provided you give to seek the pleasure of Allah. Whatever wealth you spend for the sake of Allah, will be paid back to you in full, and you will not be wronged.[272] Charity is for those needy people who are engaged so much in the cause of Allah that they cannot move about in the land to earn their livelihood: the ignorant think that they are wealthy on account of their modest behavior. You can recognize them by their look because they do not make insistent demands on people. Whatever you spend on them, surely Allah knows it.[273]

2:[270-273]

Giving charity in public is good but giving in private is better


Who is eligible for receiving charity

SECTION: 38
Those who spend their wealth in charity by night and day, secretly and openly, they will have their reward from their Rabb. They shall have nothing to fear or to regret.[274]

2:[274]

Reward for giving charity

Those who live on usury will not rise up before Allah except like those who are driven to madness by the touch of Shaităn. That is because they claim: “Trading is no different than usury, but Allah has made trading lawful and usury unlawful. He who has received the admonition from his Rabb and has mended his way may keep his previous gains; Allah will be his judge. Those who turn back (repeat this crime), they shall be the inmates of hellfire wherein they will live forever.[275] Allah has laid His curse on usury and blessed charity to prosper. Allah does not love any ungrateful sinner.[276]

2:[275-276]

Prohibition of usury

Those who believe and do good deeds, establish regular prayers, and give regular charity will have their reward with their Rabb. They will have nothing to fear or to regret.[277] O You who believe! Fear Allah and waive what is still due to you from usury if you are indeed believers; [278] or war shall be declared against you by Allah and His Rasool. If you repent, you may retain your principal, causing no loss to debtor and suffering no loss.[279] If the debtor is in a difficulty, grant him time till it is easy for him to repay; but if you waive the sum by way of charity it will be better for you, if you understand it.[280] Fear the Day when you shall all return to Allah; when every one shall be paid in full what they have earned and none shall be dealt with unjustly.[281]

2:[277-281]



Taking usury is like declaring war against Allah and His Rasool

SECTION: 39 O believers! When you deal with each other in lending for a fixed period of time, put it in writing. Let a scribe write it down with justice between the parties. The scribe, who is given the gift of literacy by Allah, should not refuse to write; he is under obligation to write. Let him who incurs the liability (debtor) dictate, fearing Allah his Rabb and not diminishing anything from the settlement. If the borrower is mentally unsound or weak or is unable to dictate himself, let the guardian of his interests dictate for him with justice. Let two witnesses from among you bear witness to all such documents, if two men cannot be found, then one man and two women of your choice should bear witness, so that if one of the women forgets anything the other may remind her. The witnesses must not refuse when they are called upon to do so. You must not be averse to writing (your contract) for a future period, whether it is a small matter or big. This action is more just for you in the sight of Allah, because it facilitates the establishment of evidence and is the best way to remove all doubts; but if it is a common commercial transaction concluded on the spot among yourselves, there is no blame on you if you do not put it in writing. You should have witnesses when you make commercial transactions. Let no harm be done to the scribe or witnesses; and if you do so, you shall be guilty of transgression. Fear Allah; it is Allah that teaches you and Allah has knowledge of everything.[282]

2:[282]

Commandment of writing down all business dealings - loans, debts and buying on credit




Witnesses are required in all major business transactions

If you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe to write down the transaction, then transact your business by taking possession of a pledge. If one of you entrust another with a pledge, let the trustee deliver the pledged property to its owner, and let him fear Allah, his Rabb. Do not conceal testimony, and whoever conceals it, his heart is surely sinful. Allah is aware of all your actions.[283]

2:[283]

If writing is not possible, take a security deposit - pledge / mortgage

SECTION: 40
To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth. Whether you reveal what is in your minds or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it. He, however, has full authority to pardon or punish anyone He pleases. Allah has complete power over everything.[284]

2:[284]

Allah will call all actions to account

The Rasool has believed in the Guidance which has been revealed to him from his Rabb and so do the Believers. They all believe in Allah, His angels, His books and His Rasools. They say: "We do not discriminate against anyone of His Rasools." And they say: “We hear and we obey. Grant us Your forgiveness, O Rabb; to You we shall all return.”[285] Allah does not burden any human being with more than he can bear. Everyone will enjoy the credit of his deeds and suffer the debits of his evil-doings. The believers say: “Our Rabb! Do not punish us if we forget or make a mistake. Our Rabb! Do not place on us a burden as You placed on those before us. Our Rabb! Lay not on us the kind of burden that we have no strength to bear. Pardon us, Forgive us, Have mercy on us. You are our Protector, help us against the unbelievers.”[286]

2:[285-286]

True belief of Prophets and Muslims


A believer's supplication

Major Issues, Divine Law and Guidance:

• Claim of the Qur'an: "This is the Book which contains no doubt."
• Creation of Adam, man's nature, and his destiny.
• The Children of Israel and the People of the Book (Jews and Christians).
• Israelites' sin of worshipping the statue of a calf.
• Punishment of Israelites violation of Sabbath.
• Nature of Jews' belief.
• Allah orders not to prevent the people from coming to Masăjid.
• Ibrăhďm and his sons were neither Jews nor Christians but were Muslims.
• Abraham (Ibrăhďm), Ishmael (Isma`il), and their building of Ka'bah.
• Change of Qiblah (direction in prayers) towards Ka'bah in Makkah.
• Allah orders not to profess any faith blindly.
• The moon is created to determine the time periods i.e. months and years.
• Hypocrisy vs. True faith.
• Ayat-ul-Kursi (Verse of the Throne of Allah).
• Allah orders the believers to enter into Islam completely.
• Punishment of a murtad (a Muslim who becomes a Non-Muslim).
• It is unlawful to marry a mushrik.
• Victory is not by numbers but by Allah's help.
• Confrontation of Ibrăhďm and Namrüd (the king of his time).
• What makes charity worthless.
• Taking usury is like declaring war against Allah and his Rasool.
• All business dealings relating to deferred payments must be in writing.
• Retaliation against oppression.
• Non compulsion in religion.
• Divine Laws are promulgated about the following categories:
 

Food Retribution Wills
Fasting Bribery Jihăd
Self-defense Evidence Pilgrimage
Charity Drinking Bloodwit
Gambling Marriage Orphans
Menstruation Oaths Divorce
Alimony Nursing Widows
Usury Buying on Credit Debts
Loans Pledge/Mortgage  

 

• Believers supplication to Allah.
 

Guidance is also provided concerning social, cultural, economic, political and legal issues through addressing the Jews who were acquainted with the Unity of Allah,Prophethood, Revelation, the Hereafter and angels. The Jews professed to believe in the law which was revealed by Allah to their Prophet Moses (pbuh), and in principle, their religion was the same (Islam) that was being taught by the Prophet Muhammad ( pbuh). Although they were originally Muslims, they had swerved from the real Islam and made innovations and alterations to their religion. As a result they had fallen victims to hair splitting and sectarianism, so much so that they had even given up their original name “Muslim” and adopted the name “Jew” instead, and made religion the monopoly of the children of Israel. This was their religious condition when the Prophet went to Al-Madinah and invited the Jews to the True Religion. More than one third of this Sürah addresses the Children of Israel. A critical review of their history, moral degeneration and religious perversions has been made, to draw clear lines of demarcation between the essentials and nonessentials of the True Religion. The Jews are warned not to mix up the Truth with Falsehood.

During this period, a new type of Muslims called "Munăfiqďn" (hypocrites), had emerged. There were some who had entered the fold of Islam merely to harm it from within. There were others who were surrounded by Muslims, and had become “Muslims” to safeguard their worldly interests. They, therefore, continued to have relations with the enemies so that if the latter became successful, their interests would remain secure. Allah has, therefore, briefly pointed out the characteristics of the hypocrites in this Sürah. Later on when their mischievous deeds became manifest, detailed instructions were given in Sürah Al-Taubah.

This Sürah is an invitation towards the Divine Guidance. All of its stories, examples and incidents revolve round this central theme. This Sürah particularly addresses the Jews and cites many events from their history to admonish and advise them that accepting the Guidance revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is to their own advantage. They should, therefore, be the first to accept it because this Message is basically the same as that revealed to the Prophet Musa (Moses) pbuh.

No Chapter (Surah) Listen
1 The Opening (Al-Fatiha) listen
2 The Cow (Al-Baqrah) listen
3 The Family of Imran (Aal-Imran) listen
4 The Women (An-Nisah) listen
5 The Table (Al-Maeda) listen
6 The Cattle (Al-An'aam) listen
7 The Heights (Al-A'raf) listen
8 The Spoils of War (Al-Anfal) listen
9 The Repentance(At-Tawba) listen
10 Jonah (Yunus) listen
11 The Prophet Hud (Hud) listen
12 Joseph (Yusuf) listen
13 The Thunder (Al-Ra'd) listen
14 Abraham (Imbrahim) listen
15 The Rocky Tract(Al-Hijr) listen
16 The Bees (An-Nahl) listen
17 The Night Journey (Al-Isra) listen
18 The Cave (Al-Kahf) listen
19 Mary (Maryam) listen
20 Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha) listen
21 The Prophets (Al-Anbiya) listen
22 The Pilgrimage (Al-Hajj) listen
23 The Believers (Al-Muminun) listen
24 The Light (An-Nour) listen
25 The Criterion (Al-Furqan) listen
26 The Poets (Ash-Shu'ara) listen
27 The Ants (An-Naml) listen
28 The Narration (Al-Qasas) listen
29 The Spider (Al-Ankaboot) listen
30 The Romans (Al-Rum) listen
31 Luqman (Luqman) listen
32 The Prostration (As-Sajda) listen
33 The Confederates (Al-Ahzab) listen
34 Sheba (Saba) listen
35 The Originator of Creation (Fatir) listen
36 Ya-Seen (Ya Seen) listen
37 The Rangers (As-Saffat) listen
38 The Letter Sad (Sad) listen
39 The Groups (Az-Zumar) listen
40 The Forgiver (Ghafir) listen
41 Explained in Detail (Fussilat) listen
42 The Consultation (Ash-Shura) listen
43 Ornaments of Gold (Az-Zukruf) listen
44 The Smoke (Ad-Dukhan) listen
45 The Kneeling (Al-Jathiya) listen
46 The Curved Sand hills (Al-Ahqaf) listen
47 Muhammad (47) listen
48 The Victory (Al-Fath) listen
49 The Dwellings (Al-Hujurat) listen
50 The Letter Qaf (Qaf) listen
51 The Winds that Scatter (Az-Zariyat) listen
52 The Mount (At-Tur) listen
53 The Star (An-Najm) listen
54 The Moon (Al-Qamar) listen
55 The Most Beneficent (Ar-Rahman) listen
56 The Event (Al-Waqi'a) listen
57 The Iron (Al-Hadid) listen
58 She That Dispute (Al-Mujidala) listen
59 The Gathering (Al-Hashr) listen
60 The Examined One (Al-Mumtahina) listen
61 The Row (As-Saff) listen
62 Friday (Al-Jumu'ah) listen
63 The Hypocrites (Al-Munafiqoon) listen
64 Loss and Gain (At-Taghabun) listen
65 The Divorce (At-Talaq) listen
66 Prohibition (At-Tahreem) listen
67 Dominion (Al-Mulk) listen
68 The Pen (Al-Qalam) listen
69 The Reality (Al-Haaqqa) listen
70 The Ways of Ascent (Al-Ma'arij) listen
71 Noah (Nuh) listen
72 The Jinn (Al-Jinn) listen
73 The Enshrouded One (Al-Muzzammil) listen
74 The Cloaked One (Al-Muddathir) listen
75 The-Resurrection (Al-Qiyamah) listen
76 Man (Al-Insan) listen
77 Those Sent Forth (Al-Mursalat) listen
78 The News (An-Naba) listen
79 Those Who Pull Out (An-Naziat) listen
80 He frowned (Abasa) listen
81 The Folding Up (At-Takwir) listen
82 The Cleaving (Al-Infitar) listen
83 Those Who Deal in Fraud (Al-Mutaffifin) listen
84 The Splitting Asunder (Al-Inshiqaq) listen
85 The Mansions of the Stars (Al-Burooj) listen
86 The Night Comer (At-Tariq) listen
87 The Most High (Al-A'la) listen
88 The Overwhelming (Al-Ghashiya) listen
89 The Dawn (Al-Fajr) listen
90 The City (Al-Balad) listen
91 The Sun (Ash-Shams) listen
92 The Night (Al-Layl) listen
93 The Morning Hours (Ad-Dhuha) listen
94 Relief  (Al-Inshirah) listen
95 The Figs (At-Teen) listen
96 The Clot (Al-Alaq) listen
97 The Night of Decree (Al-Qadr) listen
98 The Clear Proof (Al-Bayyina) listen
99 The Earthquake (Az-Zalzala) listen
100 The Courser (Al-Adiyat) listen
101 The Calamity (Al-Qariah) listen
102 Rivalry in world increase (At-Takathur) listen
103 The Declining Day (Al-Asr) listen
104 The Slanderer (Al-Humaza) listen
105 The Elephant (Al-Feel) listen
106 Quraish ( Quraish) listen
107 Small Kindnesses (Al-Maun) listen
108 Abundance (Al-Kawthar) listen
109 The Disbelievers (Al-Kafiroon) listen
110 Divine- Support (An-Nasr) listen
111 The Flame (Al-Masadd) listen
112 Sincerity (Al-Ikhlas) listen
113 The Daybreak (Al-Falaq) listen
114 The Mankind (An-Nas) listen

 

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The Lord Complete Audio English Quran in MP3 Spoken by J.D. Hall

Translated by Malik

Audio Explanation

Now Playing # (2) The Cow (Al-Baqrah) (286 Verses)