In the name
of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Alif Lãm M'ïm. Do the people think that they will be left
alone on saying “We believe,” and that they will not be
tested? We did test those who have gone before them. Allah
has to see (for the purpose of reward and punishment) who
are the truthful and who are the liars. Or do the evildoers
think that they will escape from Our reach? How bad is their
judgment! He that hopes to meet Allah must know that Allah’s
appointed time is sure to come and He hears all and knows
all. He that strives, does that for his own soul; for Allah
is certainly transcendent and beyond any need of the worlds.
As for those who believe and do good deeds, We shall cleanse
them of their sins and We shall reward them according to the
best of their deeds.
Allah tests the believers to see, who is truthful and who is a
We have enjoined man to show kindness to his
parents; but if they (your parents) force you to commit
shirk with Me, of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them.
To Me is your return and I will inform you of what you have
done. Those who have accepted the true faith and do good
deeds shall be admitted among the righteous. There are some
among people, who say: “We believe in Allah;" yet when they
suffer in the cause of Allah they confuse the persecution of
people with the punishment of Allah. But when there comes help
in the shape of a victory from your Rabb, they are sure to
say: “We have always been with you." Is not Allah fully aware of
what is in the hearts of the people of the world. Most
surely Allah knows those who believe and knows those who are the
hypocrites. The unbelievers say to the believers: “Follow
us, and we will bear the burden of your sins.” But they will not
bear any burden of their sins; they are surely lying. Of
course, they shall bear their own burdens as well as the burdens
of others in addition to their own; and on the Day of
Resurrection they shall be questioned about their invented
kind to your parents but do not obey them in the matter of shirk
Those who say, "Follow us we will bear your burden," are liars.
We sent Nüh (Noah) to his people and he lived among them
a thousand years less fifty. Then because of their wrongdoings
the flood overtook them. But We delivered him and all who
were in the ark and We made that ark a sign for the
peoples of the world. Likewise Ibrãhïm (Abraham),
when he said to his people: “Worship Allah and fear Him, this is
better for you if you understand. You worship idols besides
Allah and fabricate falsehood. In fact, those whom you worship
besides Allah have no power to give you your sustenance,
therefore seek your sustenance from Allah, and worship Him. Give
thanks to Him, for to Him you shall be returned. If you deny
the Message, then nations have denied before you . The only
duty a Rasool has is to deliver Allah’s Message
clearly." Do they not see how Allah originates creation then
repeats its process? Surely it is easy for Allah. Say to
them: “Travel through the earth and see how Allah originates the
creation, then creates the later creation. Surely Allah has
power over everything. He punishes whom He wills and shows
mercy to whom He pleases, and to Him you shall be turned
back. Neither can you frustrate Him in the earth or in the
Heaven; nor have you any protector or helper besides Allah."
Nüh admonished his people for 950 years not to commit shirk.
Likewise, Ibrãhïm admonished his people not to commit shirk.
As for those who disbelieve Allah’s revelations and deny that
they will ever meet Him, they are the ones who shall despair of
My mercy and they are the ones who shall have a painful
punishment. The people of Ibrãhïm (Abraham) had no
answer except to say: “Kill him!” Or “Burn him!” But Allah saved
him from the fire when they tried to burn him. Surely in
this incident there are signs for those who believe.
After coming out from the fire safely, Ibrãhïm addressed
them: “Today you have made idols, instead of Allah, a means of
affection among yourselves, but remember, on the Day of
Resurrection you shall disown and curse one another. Fire shall
be your abode and you shall have no helper." Witnessing
this whole incident, Lüt (Lot) affirmed his belief
with Ibrãhïm. Finally Ibrãhïm said: “I will
migrate towards my Rabb (go where my Rabb has bidden me).
He is the Mighty, the Wise." We gave him Ishãq (Isaac - a
son) and Ya'qoob (Jacob - a grandson), and placed the
Prophethood and the Book in his progeny - thus We gave him his
reward in this life, and in the hereafter he will surely be
among the righteous.
The people of Ibrãhïm even tried to burn him alive but Allah
Ibrãhïm's nephew Lüt was the only one who affirmed his belief
When Lüt (Lot) said to his people:
“Surely you are committing such sexual misconduct as no one in
the worlds has ever attempted before you. Do you lust after
males, commit robbery on the highways and commit evil deeds even
in your assemblies?” His people had no answer except to say:
“Bring us the scourge of Allah if you are truthful." Lüt
prayed: “O Rabb! Help me against this degenerate nation."
Prophet Lüt was appointed as a Rasool towards the nation of
When Our Messengers (angels) came to Ibrãhïm (Abraham)
with the good news (the birth of a son in his old age),
they said: “We are to destroy the people of that township, for
its people are indeed wrongdoers." Ibrãhïm said: “But
Lüt is in there." The angels replied: “We know who is in
there: we shall certainly save him and his family, except his
wife, who will remain behind!” And when Our Messengers (angels)
came to Lüt he became sad and anxious on their account, for he
felt powerless to protect them. But they said “Do not
fear nor grieve (we are the angels assigned for their torment):
we shall save you and your family except your wife; she will be
of those who will remain behind. We are going to bring down
a scourge from heaven upon the people of this town on account of
their transgression." Surely We have left a clear sign from
it (the ruins of this town) for people who care to
rejected Allah's guidance; as a result Allah destroyed them all
To the people of Madyan We sent their
brother Shu‘aib, who said: “O my people! Worship Allah and look
forward to the Last Day, and do not transgress in the land
wickedly." But they denied him, so a severe earthquake
seized them and by the morning they were lifeless bodies in
their own homes. Likewise We destroyed the people of
‘Ad and the Thamüd: you have seen the traces of their dwellings.
Shaitãn had made their foul deeds fair-seeming to them and
diverted them from the Right Way, though they were intelligent
people. Musa (Moses) came to Qarün (Korah),
Fir'on (Pharaoh) and Hamãn with clear signs but they
remained arrogant in the land; yet they could not go ahead of
Us. We seized all of them for their sinfulness: against some
We sent a violent tornado full of stones, some were seized by a
mighty blast, some were swallowed up by the earth, and yet some
We drowned. It was not Allah Who was unjust to them, but they
were unjust to their own souls.
Likewise the Nations of 'Ad, Thamüd, Madyan and Fir'on rejected
the Rasools of Allah, which resulted in their destruction .
The parable of those who take protectors other than Allah is that of a spider who builds for itself a dwelling, and surely the weakest of all dwellings is the dwelling of a spider, if they but knew it.
Surely Allah knows whoever they invoke besides Him; He is the All-Mighty, the Wise. These are the parables that We cite for mankind; but none will grasp them except the wise.
Allah has created the heavens and the earth to manifest the Truth. Surely in this there is a sign for the believers.
|Parable of those who take protectors other than Allah.
Recite from this Book (Al-Qur'an) which has been revealed
to you and establish Salah (Islamic prayers). Surely
Salah keeps one away from shameful and evil deeds; and surely
the remembrance of Allah (and Allah’s mention of your name in
front of the angels) is the greatest indeed, Allah knows
what you do. Do not argue with the People of the Book except
in good taste - except with those who are wicked among them -
and say: “We believe in that which is sent down to us and that
which is sent down to you; Our God and your God is the same
One God to Whom we submit as Muslims." O Prophet,
We have sent down this Book to you (similar to that of Musa
and Isa). So the People of the Book believe in it, and so do
some of these (people of Arabia): and none but
unbelievers deny Our revelations. O Muhammad, you
have never read a book before this nor have you ever transcribed
one with your right hand. Had you done either of these, the
quibblers could suspect it. Rather, these are clear signs in
the breast of those who are endowed with knowledge: and none
deny Our signs except the wrongdoers. They ask: “Why have
the signs not been sent down to him from his Rabb?" Tell them:
“The signs are in the hands of Allah. I am only a plain
Warner." Is it not enough for them that We have sent down to
you this Book (AL-Qur’an) which is recited to them,
surely in it is a blessing and a reminder for those who
keeps one away from shameful deeds
Do not argue with the People of the Book except in good taste
Tell them: “Allah is sufficient as a witness between me and you
- for He knows all that is in the heavens and the earth - those
who believe in falsehood and disbelieve Allah, it is they who
shall be the losers." They challenge you to hasten the
scourge on them. Had a time not been fixed for it, the scourge
would already have overtaken them. It is going to come suddenly
and catch them unaware. They challenge you to hasten the
scourge, whereas hell has already encircled the unbelievers.
On that Day the punishment shall cover them from above and from
beneath their feet, and Allah will say: “Now taste the
reward of your deeds." O My servants who have believed!
Surely My earth is spacious to migrate if needed,
therefore worship Me and Me Alone. Every soul shall
taste death, then to Us you shall all return. Those who
embrace true faith and do good deeds shall be lodged in the
mansions of paradise beneath which rivers flow, to live therein
forever. What an excellent reward for the doers of good
deeds; the ones who have shown patience and put their
trust in their Rabb. How many creatures are there that do
not carry their provisions with them? Allah provides for them as
He provides for you. It is He Who is All-hearing,
All-knowing. If you ask the disbelievers as to who has
created the heavens and the earth, and subjected the sun and the
moon to His laws? They will certainly say: “Allah!” How
are they then being deluded away from the truth?
Allah gives abundantly to whom He pleases and sparingly to whom
He wills; surely Allah has knowledge of all things. And if
you ask them who sends down rainwater from the sky and thereby
raises the dead land back to life?” They will certainly say:
“Allah!” Say, “Praise be to Allah!” Yet most of them do not use
their common sense.
Those who believe in falsehood and disbelieve Allah shall be the
How many creatures are there who do not carry their provisions
with them? Allah provides them as He provides you
The life of this world is nothing but a pastime and play! It is
the life of the hereafter that is the true life, if they but
knew it. If they embark on a ship, and the ship gets into
trouble, they call upon Allah, being sincerely obedient to
Him; but when He brings them safely to land, they start
committing shirk (giving credit for their safe arrival to
others); so that they may become ungrateful for the
blessing that We have bestowed on them and enjoy the life of
this world! They will soon come to know the result of
this behavior. Do they not see that We have made for
them a secure sanctuary in the Ka'bah, while the people
are being snatched away from all around them? Do they still
believe in falsehood and deny the blessings of Allah? And
who is more wicked than the one who forges a lie against Allah
or rejects the Truth when it reaches him? Is not the hell a
fitting abode for such disbelievers? As for those who strive
in Our cause, We will surely guide them to Our ways; rest
assured that Allah is with the righteous.
The life of this world is nothing but pastime, the real life is
the life hereafter
Those who strive in Our cause, We do guide them to Our Way
Major Issues, Divine
Law and Guidance:
* Allah tests the Believers to see who is
truthful and who is a liar.
* Be kind to parents but do not obey them in matters of shirk
(associating anyone else with Allah).
* Those who say: “Follow us, we will bear your burden on the Day
of Judgement,” are liars.
* The Prophet Nüh admonished his people for 950 years not to
* The Prophet Ibrãhïm admonished his people not to commit shirk,
for which they tried to burn him alive, but Allah saved him.
* The Nations of ‘Ad, Thamüd, Madyan and Fir'on rejected the
Rasools of Allah, as a result Allah destroyed them all.
* Parable of those who take protectors other than Allah, is that
of the dwelling of a spider and the fact that the weakest of all
the dwellings is the dwelling of a spider.
This Sürah strengthens the faith of
sincere Muslims and admonishes those who were showing weakness
in their faith. This Sürah also addresses those questions which
some young men were facing in those days, whose parents were
urging them to abandon Islam and return to their ancestral
The Muslims are instructed: “If you feel that the persecution
has become unbearable for you, you should give up your homes
instead of giving up your faith. Allah’s earth is vast: seek a
new place where you can worship Allah with full peace of mind.”
The disbelievers are urged to understand Islam. The realities of
Tawhïd (Oneness of God) and the Hereafter are presented with
rational arguments, shirk is refuted, and their attention is
drawn towards the signs in the universe; they are told that all
these signs conform to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).