[31.1] Alif. Lam. Mim.
[31.2] These are revelations of the wise Scripture,
[31.3] A guidance and a mercy for the good,
[31.4] Those who establish worship and pay the poor-due and have
sure faith in the Hereafter.
[31.5] Such have guidance from their Lord. Such are the
[31.6] And of mankind is he who payeth for mere pastime of
discourse, that he may mislead from Allah's way without
knowledge, and maketh it the butt of mockery. For such there is
a shameful doom.
[31.7] And when Our revelations are recited unto him he turneth
away in pride as if he heard them not, as if there were a
deafness in his ears. So give him tidings of a painful doom.
[31.8] Lo! those who believe and do good works, for them are the
gardens of delight,
[31.9] Wherein they will abide. It is a promise of Allah in
truth. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
[31.10] He hath created the heavens without supports that ye can
see, and hath cast into the earth firm hills, so that it quake
not with you; and He hath dispersed therein all kinds of beasts.
And We send down water from the sky and We cause (plants) of
every goodly kind to grow therein.
[31.11] This is the Creation of Allah. Now show me that which
those (ye worship) beside Him have created. Nay, but the
wrong-doers are in error manifest!
[31.12] And verily We gave Luqman wisdom, saying: Give thanks
unto Allah; and whosoever giveth thanks, he giveth thanks for
(the good of) his soul. And whosoever refuseth - Lo! Allah is
Absolute, Owner of Praise.
[31.13] And (remember) when Luqman said unto his son, when he
was exhorting him: O my dear son! Ascribe no partners unto
Allah. Lo! to ascribe partners (unto Him) is a tremendous wrong
[31.14] And We have enjoined upon man concerning his partners -
His mother beareth him in weakness upon weakness, and his
weaning is in two years - Give thanks unto Me and unto thy
parents. Unto Me is the journeying.
[31.15] But if they strive with thee to make thee ascribe unto
Me as partner that of which thou hast no knowledge, then obey
them not. Consort with them in the world kindly, and follow the
path of him who repenteth unto Me. Then unto Me will be your
return, and I shall tell you what ye used to do -
[31.16] O my dear son! Lo! though it be but the weight of a
grain of mustard-seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the
heavens, or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Lo! Allah
is Subtile, Aware.
[31.17] O my dear son! Establish worship and enjoin kindness and
forbid iniquity, and persevere whatever may befall thee. Lo!
that is of the steadfast heart of things.
[31.18] Turn not thy cheek in scorn toward folk, nor walk with
pertness in the land. Lo! Allah loveth not each braggart
[31.19] Be modest in thy bearing and subdue thy voice. Lo! the
harshest of all voices is the voice of the ass.
[31.20] See ye not how Allah hath made serviceable unto you
whatsoever is in the skies and whatsoever is in the earth and
hath loaded you with His favours both without and within ? Yet
of mankind is he who disputeth concerning Allah, without
knowledge or guidance or a scripture giving light.
[31.21] And if it be said unto them: Follow that which Allah
hath revealed, they say: Nay, but we follow that wherein we
found our fathers. What! Even though the devil were inviting
them unto the doom of flame ?
[31.22] Whosoever surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing
good, he verily hath grasped the firm hand-hold. Unto Allah
belongeth the sequel of all things.
[31.23] And whosoever disbelieveth, let not his disbelief
afflict thee (O Muhammad). Unto Us is their return, and We shall
tell them what they did. Lo! Allah is Aware of what is in the
breasts (of men).
[31.24] We give them comfort for a little, and then We drive
them to a heavy doom.
[31.25] If thou shouldst ask them: Who created the heavens and
the earth ? they would answer: Allah. Say: Praise be to Allah!
But most of them know not.
[31.26] Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and
the earth. Lo! Allah, He is the Absolute, the Owner of Praise.
[31.27] And if all the trees in the earth were pens, and the
sea, with seven more seas to help it, (were ink), the words of
Allah could not be exhausted. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[31.28] Your creation and your raising (from the dead) are only
as (the creation and the raising of) a single soul. Lo! Allah is
[31.29] Hast thou not seen how Allah causeth the night to pass
into the day and causeth the day to pass into the night, and
hath subdued the sun and the moon (to do their work), each
running unto an appointed term; and that Allah is Informed of
what ye do ?
[31.30] That (is so) because Allah, He is the True, and that
which they invoke beside Him is the False, and because Allah, He
is the Sublime, the Great.
[31.31] Hast thou not seen how the ships glide on the sea by
Allah's grace, that He may show you of His wonders ? Lo! therein
indeed are portents for every steadfast, grateful (heart).
[31.32] And if a wave enshroudeth them like awnings, they cry
unto Allah, making their faith pure for Him only. But when He
bringeth them safe to land, some of them compromise. None
denieth Our signs save every traitor ingrate.
[31.33] O mankind! Keep your duty to your Lord and fear a Day
when the parent will not be able to avail the child in aught,
nor the child to avail the parent. Lo! Allah's promise is the
very truth. Let not the life of the world beguile you, nor let
the deceiver beguile you, in regard to Allah.
[31.34] Lo! Allah! With Him is knowledge of the Hour. He sendeth
down the rain, and knoweth that which is in the wombs. No soul
knoweth what it will earn to-morrow, and no soul knoweth in what
land it will die. Lo! Allah is Knower, Aware.